This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Impact Of Social Stereotypes On Juror´S Decisions

664 words - 3 pages

The amount of Psychological research about the impact of social stereotypes on juror’s decisions is increasing. Previous studies have looked at everything from the effect of differences in social categories (Deaux, K, 1984) to the gender of the perpetrator (e.g., Clark, H.L., & Nightingale, N.N., 1997; Mallozi, J., McDermott, V., & Kayson, W . A., 1990). The current study questions whether or not male defendants are always more likely to be found guilty compared to female defendants, or does the match with the crime type matter? Jurors are randomly selected citizens who are given the task of determining whether someone is guilty or not, based solely on the evidence provided by the court. (Functions and Duties of a Juror, n.d.) However, jurors, who like all other humans, have the potential to be biased, meaning that their final decision can sometimes be influenced by many factors.

The Effect of Defendant Race on Simulated Juror Decisions
In 1998, a study on the ...view middle of the document...

(Gordon, Bindrim, McNicholas & Walden, 2001)
The Impact of Defendant Gender and Relationship to Victim on Juror Decisions in a Child Sexual Abuse Case
In 2007 a study was conducted by McCoy and Grey to determine ‘The impact of defendant gender and relationship to victim on juror decisions in a child sexual abuse case’. In this study, each of 256 mock jurors was presented with a trial alleging the sexual assault of a 10 year old girl. The alleged offender was labelled as the victim’s father, the victim’s mother, and a male or female stranger. Each participant then determined whether or not the defendant was guilty, rate their confidence in the verdict, and rank the believability of the victim and the defendant. The results revealed that the jurors were more likely to find male defendants guilty than female defendants. Female jurors rated the victim as more believable and the defendant less believable than male jurors. However, all of the jurors rated the victim as more believable if the defendant was male.
Limitations of previous research
One limitation of previous research is that it only looks at the relationship between crime types and racial stereotypes, and not crime types and gender. Another is that it only looked at the relationship when the crime was sexual assault which is typically a crime committed by males. This means that results only provided information about males being guilty more often than females when accused of a crime typically committed by males.
The effect of gender on guilt likelihood is significantly different to the effects of race and relation to victim in guilt likelihood. Therefore, in the current study, the effect of gender typical crimes are applied to the likeliness of males or females being found guilty to determine if crime types affect guilt likelihood.
Our study examines whether people view male defendants as always more likely to be guilty compared to female defendants, or does the match with the crime type. The only differences between the situations are the crime committed (i.e., assault and shoplifting) and the gender of the defendant. Based on previous studies, it is hypothesized that if the crime is typically male and female, then males and females, respectively, are more likely to be found guilty.

Find Another Essay On The Impact of Social Stereotypes on Juror´s Decisions

The Impact of Stereotypes on Teens at Point Loma High School

1117 words - 5 pages The Impact of Stereotypes on Teens at PLHS 1.)Stereotypes and racism have always been an issue in this and many other societies.Teenagers are commonly the most impacted by stereotypes, not unlike most teens at Point Loma High School. To further analyze this, my class read “How a Self-Fulfilling Stereotype Can Drag Down Performance” by Shankar Vedantam, a science correspondent for NPR. In his informative article, Vedantam

The Impact of Ethical Decisions on the Discovery of Knowledge in the Natural Science and Art

1261 words - 5 pages “Science cannot stop while ethics catches up… and nobody should expect scientists to do all the thinking for the country” Elvin Charles Stakman ( The quote illustrates how science and ethics are interconnected but ethics is hindering what science can achieve. The knowledge issue I will be addressing is what impact do ethical decisions have on limiting the discovery of knowledge in the natural sciences and arts? One day in

Impact of Environmental Factors on Marketing Decisions of Costco

2014 words - 8 pages Wholesale CorporationEnvironmental factors consist of all the factors and activities which have a considerable impact on the running of the business. Environmental factors have a powerful impact on the normal functioning of the any business, especially in the marketing decisions (Pagell & Halperin, 2000). These factors pose challenges and threats to the success of any business. In order to deal with such environmental factors a firm should

impact of the 20's

2313 words - 10 pages The Impact of the 1920’s Independence, urbanization, technology, transportation, recreation, entertainment, culture, are all some of the most important things in our society today. As all things in America, these items have been influenced greatly by time. Even though it was influenced throughout America’s history, the decade of the 1920’s completely changed everything in America. Not only were things changed for the better, but the decade

The Impact of Online Social Media on the Tourist Industry

2801 words - 12 pages The Internet has fundamentally reshaped the way tourism related information is distributed and the way people plan for and consume travel (Buhalis & Law, 2008). In recent years, the online social media (OSM) creates a tremendous trend on the Internet which impacts the whole travel and tourism industry. The OSM, representing various forms of consumer-generated content (CGC) which means it can be text, images, video or other digital information

The Social Impact of Slavery on the Caribbean Society

1332 words - 5 pages The Social Impact of Slavery on the Caribbean Society In order for us to understand the Caribbean, we must acknowledge the tremendous social impact slavery placed upon the islands. We must not only consider the practice of slavery dating back to the indigenous peoples, but from what the introduction of the African slave trade did to the islands economically as well as culturally. In this paper let me reflect on slavery in the Caribbean not

Examine the use of stereotyping in an example of visual or print media, to evaluate if stereotypes impact on people

1031 words - 4 pages creates very low expectations for girls. Hence, the impact of such stereotypes in the media the media among people, especially on young people is not very good. They tend to have a simplistic, immutable and a typical image of women in their minds. It is essential to educate the children from an early age about how to recognize, be aware and overcome stereotypes.

Assess the Impact of Social Media on Public Relations

2412 words - 10 pages study of the impact of social media on consumers. International Journal of Market Research, vol. 56, no. 3, p. 387Rabbat & Nasser 2012. The Arab Revolution Takes Back the Public Space. Critical Inquiry, vol. 39, no.1, pp. 198 - 208.Richard D Waters, Natalie T J Tindall & Timothy S Morton 2010. Media Catching and the Journalist-Public Relations PractitionerRelationship: How Social Media are Changing the Practice of MediaRelations. Journal

The Impact of Social Media on Children and Adolescents

3533 words - 14 pages the social media and how to use it wisely. • There should not be any commercial influences on the school boards for the healthy upbringing of the children.(Strasburger 2012) REFERENCES: Anderson, J. and L. Rainie (2014). Digital Lives in 2025, Pew Research Internet Project: 8. Lavin, A. M., et al. (2010). "The impact of classroom technology on student behavior." Journal of Technology Research 2. Li, J. S., et al. (2013). "Approaches

The Impact of Cell Phone Usage on Our Social Life

2410 words - 10 pages (Griggs, 2014). Azriela Jafe from Family First Mishpacha Magazine states that two thirds of these individuals who are affected are twenty-five years old or younger (Jafe, 2013). The use of cell phones has shot up therefore affecting our social lives. Cell phones have influenced our social lives so much to the extent that people have an issue with talking face to face with other people. People are so used to talking on the phone and texting, that when

Information Technology - Impact of ICT on the social community

2967 words - 12 pages IntroductionI am studying ICT in Solihull. This includes Touchwood and the surrounding area. I will be talking about the impact of ICT in the community with GPS in transport, how it is useful and how it can be a bad thing. I will also be concentrating on security (CCTV and Speed Cameras); and finally communication using ICT based ways, e.g. Libraries and Internet Cafes.TransportICT has recently been improved in the community because there have

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Social Media On Adolescents

1503 words - 6 pages IDENTITIES IMPACT OFFLINE RELATIONSHIP. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
of Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., USA. 11- Thaler, R., & Sunstein, C. (2008). Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness. Yale University Press. 12 - Eyesenck, M.W. (2013). Simply Psychology (Third ed., pp. 305-306). East Sussex, Psychology Press. 13- Ehrenberg, A., Juckes, S., White, K. M

The Impact Of Social Media On Teenagers

619 words - 3 pages Introduction What impact does this hyper-connected social media life have on teenagers and why are they so infatuated with it? The new age of social networking has been changing and escalating dramatically since 2003. These sites serve as a way of communicating with friends, business associates, strangers and people who share common interests. Websites such as Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn, Friendster, and twitter permit a user to create custom

The Impact Of Social Media On Children

944 words - 4 pages that adolescents and even college students who are on Facebook too much have lower grades (Rosen, 2011). References: Carroll, J.A. & Kirkpatrick, R.L. (2011). Impact of social media on adolescent behavioral health. Oakland, CA: California Adolescent Health Collaborative. Chau, C. (2010). You Tube as a participatory culture. Wiley Periodicals, Inc., 128, 65-74. Clarke-Pearson, K., O’Keeffe, G., (2011). The Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families. Retrieved from Rosen, L.D., (2011). Social Networking’s Good and Bad Impacts on Kids. Retrieved from

The Impact Of Social Class On Education

1609 words - 7 pages . In Jean Anyon’s article, “Social Class and the Hidden Curriculum of Work,” students attend one of the five types of schools which are the two working, middle, professional, and elite class schools. Each of the five schools teaches their students differently. I attended a middle class school and Anyon described middle class schools as schools with students learning right from their books and involved no creativity (5). With no creativity, middle