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The Impact Of Thyroid Hormone Essay

1299 words - 6 pages

Due to many findings of the American Thyroid Association, many Americans suffer from one of many thyroid disorders, and many of them do not even realize they are suffering from it. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, made up of two wings wrapped around a windpipe found below the Adams apple. The thyroid gland can weigh less than an ounce, but crucial for ones health. The thyroid gland can be thought of as the bodys’s metabolism regulator. The task is done by releasing two specific hormones, both including the iodine-containing hormone thyroxine. Thyroxine plays a role to help regulate heartbeat, body temperature, working of your muscles, how quickly you burn calories, how swiftly food moves through your digestive tract and more. On a daily basis, the thyroid releases specific amounts of hormone which keep processes running throughout the body. However, in particular situations it can become overactive and release too much hormone known as hyperthyroidism. Or slow down and produce inadequate amounts of hormone called hypothyroidism. Problems in the thyroid are usually caused by overactive or underactive autoimmune reaction. A normal working immune system protects the body from invading pathogens . on the other side in an autoimmune reaction, the immune system turns against the body and attacks it. For example, In graves disease the antibodies attach to the thyroid receptors in order to produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. Due to this serious imbalances in the body’s energy regulation system occur. Although with these serious conditions, both of these types of thyroid problems respond well to treatment after being diagnosed.

Introduction
The thyroid gland can be found in the front of the neck just below the Adams apple (8). The thyroid gland otherwise described as a butterfly-shaped gland is located at the base of the neck palying a role in the body’s metabolism. Release of thyroid hormones, regulates how and when the body uses fuel when needed(Morgan 1996). The thyroid is one of many endocrine glands. The thyroid hormones are secreted into the bloodstream and have many effects on other cells and tissues elsewhere in the body (8). two hormones made by the thyroid are thyroxine, which is a chemical compound containing four iodine atoms also known as T4, or triiodothyronine containing three iodine atoms otherwise called T3 (6). Both thyroxine and triiodothyronine are transported into the bloodstream and passed throughout the body. Both hormones have a task in the regulation of metabolic activity of all body cells and tissues found within the body. Growth and development of the body, including physical and mental, rely on adequate amounts of thyroxine. Without it, a person would lack proper development to grow and reproduce. The activity of the thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland which secretes hyrotrophint or TSH. The pituitary gland is found at the base of the brain. With secreting TSH,...

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