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The Impact Of Global Financial Crisis On The United Kingdom

7067 words - 28 pages

The impact of the National Health Service on the United KingdomIntroductionThis report will look at the National Health Service, which is a significant part of the current welfare state in the United Kingdom. It is for people who would like to know more about health system of contemporary Britain. In this paper, it will begin by looking at the healthcare background and reforms, and will show how the NHS has affected British citizens. Finally, according to the current healthcare system, brief conclusions are drawn.OutlineIt is well known that the United Kingdom is a welfare state. A welfare state means a government that provides a range of policy and public facilities so that all citizens can have a good life. However, in terms of the welfare state in the United Kingdom, when the first welfare state was established is a subject of intense debate. The objectives of the welfare state were announced in 1942 by William Beveridge, the architect of the post-war welfare reforms, as the abolition of 'Want, Idleness, Squalor, Ignorance and Disease', by which he meant poverty, unemployment, poor housing, and lack of access to decent education and health care (Abercrombie, et al. 2000, p. 429). The period from 1945 to 1970 is known as the 'golden age' of the welfare state. In terms of health care, it is a significant part of welfare from the past to now.The most spectacular feature of the welfare state was the National Health Service (NHS) introduced by Bevan in 1946, and coming into effect in July 1948 (Morgan 2000). The ideal of the National Health Service was that all citizens could get medical and dental services for free, such as hospitals, doctors, nurses, dentists, ambulance services and other health facilities. Before the NHS was established, some British citizens suffer from poor health and cannot afford adequate medical treatment. Although the National Health Insurance (NHI), which provided financial benefit in times of unemployment for insured workers in specified industries, was implemented in the 1940s, dependants - non-working wives and children were excluded from the scheme (Baggott, 2000). In order to change this bad situation, Beveridge wrote that 'the purpose of victory is to live in a better world than the old world each individual is more likely to concentrate upon his war effort if he feels that his government will be ready with plans for that better world.' in his December 1942 report (Alderman, 1986, p. 230). On 9 February 1948, Bevan urged ministers and doctors to 'take pride in the fact that, despite our financial and economic anxieties, we are still able to do the most civilised thing in the world: put the welfare of the sick in front of every other consideration' in parliament (NHS Choices, 2008).The NHS has been reformed several times and the significant changes were happened in 1980S and 1997. In 1980S, the previous system of management in the NHS was replaced by the modern management processes (General Management), which were...

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