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The Influences And Impacts Of Glolbalisation On Japan

2523 words - 10 pages

The era of globalisation first dawned upon Japan early in the Edo Period (1603 - 1867). Tokugawa Leyasu became ruler of Japan in 1600 and brought Japan under tight control. He promoted foreign trade and established relations with the English and the Dutch. This embrace of foreign cultures changed in 1633 when the new ruler, Leyasu, forbade traveling abroad. Then in 1639 Japan was almost completely isolated when Leyasu narrowed its only contacts with the world down to limited trade relations with China and the Netherlands. However Japan continued to prosper as domestic trade and agricultural production improved.By the end of the 18th century external pressures to form trade links began coming from Russia, who had no success. Other European nations and the Americans followed this in the 19th century. After numerous efforts from countries across the world Commodore Matthew Perry from America succeeded in getting the Tokugawa government to open international trade ports. Many Japanese people soon began to realise the advantages that could be gained from the Western cultures in science and military, and favoured a complete opening to the world.The Tokugawa government fell in 1867 due to heavy political pressure, which brought about the beginning of the Meiji Period (1868 - 1912). During this period Western powers forced Japan to sign unequal treaties, which benefited the West economically. It was this that spurred on Meiji Japan to become a respected nation of the world by becoming level with, or even superior to, economically and militarily the Western powers. Japan's agrarian economy underwent intensive westernisation as it sought to turn itself into a developed industrial economy. The large associated expenditures led to a financial crisis in the mid 1880's, which subsequently led to a reform of the currency system and the establishment of the Bank of Japan.In World War I Japan fought alongside the allied powers although it only played a minor role and following the War its economic situation worsened. In the period between World War I and World War II Japan's relations with the Western powers deteriorated on account of anti-Japanese racism. As a result in World War II Japan instead fought alongside Germany and gained control over territory spanning from India to New Guinea. In December 1941 Japan launched a bombing raid on Pearl Harbour, which brought USA into the war. Four years later on August 6th and 9th the USA dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On August 14th Japan surrendered unconditionally.World War II left Japan devastated as its industries and transportation networks were severely damaged. The occupation of Japan by the allied powers ended in April 1952. From this time onwards Japan's economy began to flourish which resulted in a dramatic rise in living standards and changes to society, but also severe pollution. In 1973 the oil crisis gave the Japanese economy a great shock, as Japan was greatly dependent on imported...

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