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The Effects Of Global Warming Essay

2836 words - 11 pages

Last year the Caribbean region experienced a record-breaking hurricane season; if you think this is coincidental, a study of global warming may give you other ideas. Global warming which is the term used to describe the trend of increases in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans that has been observed in recent decades. Global warming occurs because carbon monoxide and other chemical emissions remain trapped beneath the ozone layer and as a result, the earth becomes warmer. The effects of global warming have already been witnessed and the potential future effects may lead to the extinction of the human race.Global warming would result in total disruption in the world as we know it today as it would affect the ecosystem, people, world finances, increase diseases and lead to an increase in natural disasters. In observing the potential impact on the ecosystem (combination of all living and non-living elements in a given area.), the extinction of animals, plants and land formations are foremost. It is strongly suggested that over 120 species of amphibians (the group of organisms that includes frogs, toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians) have become extinct in the 1980s due to global warming. The Golden Toad of Monteverde, Costa Rica was among the first casualties of amphibian declines. Formerly abundant, it was last seen in 1989. According to Dr. Jay Malcolm, an Assistant Forestry Professor at the University of Toronto (writing in the Scientific Daily Magazine dated April 12, 2006), "Climate change is rapidly becoming the most serious threats to the planet's biodiversity, this study provides even stronger scientific evidence that global warming will result in catastrophic species loss across the planet." Animals are not the only living organism under the threat of extinction however as plants are also being negatively affected by global warming. Several species of plants have been declared extinct due to drastic changes in the weather pattern in several areas. The Fern Gully in Jamaica is an excellent example of the harmful effects of carbon monoxide and its effect on plants in the ecosystem. There has been a rapid decline in the population of ferns in this area is due to the increased number of motor vehicle which pass through the gully on a daily basis. Additionally the natural landscape of the world is changing because of global warming. Coral reefs which are economically viable and an integral part of the ecosystem and landscape mechanism are in serious danger of extinction as global warming has had negative effects on their survival. The Pew Centre on Global Climate Change reported on February 13, 2004 that "global warming is expected to further contribute to coral reef degradation in the decades ahead". They go further to say that although climate change has the potential to yield some benefits for certain coral species in specific regions, such as the expansion of their geographic ranges to higher latitudes, most of...

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