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The Impacts Of The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Disaster Biology 2107 Research Paper

1541 words - 7 pages

The late 1950’s and early 60’s mark the birth of nuclear power plants in the United States and they began with a sprinting start. If one were to ask baby boomers their knowledge of the beginning of nuclear power plants as children, most would attest that they understood it was a safer and cleaner alternative energy practice. While many critics claimed nuclear power generation was an unacceptable hazard, they were assured appropriate safety precautions would be put in place in order to minimize any risks (EBSCOHost Connection c2016). Unfortunately, there were unforeseeable risks that were not taken into consideration such as a natural or man-made disaster. Such misfortune would not only put the lives of nearby people in grave danger, but can also catastrophically affect the environment in which we live in. The impacts of the Fukushima power plant disaster nearly did just that and if future precautions are not taken properly, the probability of another catastrophe will always remain high.
Considering the plant owner’s ability to forecast natural occurrences such as earthquakes and tsunamis, the lack of preparation to avoid the Fukushima disaster is absolutely astounding. I choose this topic to educate myself more on radiation and its impacts on the environment. Preserving this beautiful earth for other generations of mankind to appreciate is of the utmost importance to me. The future of Earth depends upon humans making environmentally cautious decisions in everyday life and ensuring proper practices when dealing with such a potentially detrimental source of energy. The Western Coast of the United States expects to see peak levels of radioactivity by the end of 2015 and the mistakes that were made can severely affect the rest of the world as well (Spotts 2014). When a similar natural disaster occurs again and it even has the slightest potential to threaten a nuclear power plant, the responsible party must be sure to be ready to take preventative action. This will not only preserve the environment we live in currently, but it will protect it for the future generations to come.
It was nothing like that of a normal day in Japan back in March of 2011. A great earthquake had hit off the coast, measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale, leading to the formation of a massive tsunami heading straight for east coast of Japan (Caldicott 2013). The Fukushima power plant was significantly underprepared for the tsunami, which is why it eventually led to its demise. Once the tsunami hit land, it disabled the plants external power supply that had been used to power the pumps in order to cool the reactor core (Caldicott 2013). Without the ability to cool the cores, units 1, 2, and 3 began to melt and the catastrophe had only just begun. Enormous amounts of radiation escaped into the air and water and there was now no way to prevent it from continuing.
While the natural disaster of a tsunami powered by an earthquake was far from preventable, the Fukushima incident...

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