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The Importance Of Agriculture In Connecticut

1037 words - 5 pages

First of all, the preparedness plan highlights the importance of agriculture in Connecticut. Agriculture contributes $3.5 billion to the state’s economy and provides 20,000 jobs (Lopez et. al. 2010), and it has a high vulnerability to climate change. The Agriculture Workgroup was formed to evaluate specific impacts on agriculture. They found that most impacts were negative, and that the top five most imperiled features are maple syrup, dairy, warm weather produce, shellfish, and apple/pear production (source). The preparedness plan takes into account the existing and impending impact on individual farmers and agriculture systems, and have decided to create long-term strategies geared towards ...view middle of the document...

” While the changes may not be large on their own, many small changes such as this can combine to create a more effective and adaptable system for climate changes. Another area of interest is the dairy industry. According to (source), “Animal husbandry is challenged by higher temperatures which stress dairy cows and other livestock, decreasing appetite, lactation and calving, and straining the overall health of individual animals and the herd. Lactation can decrease at temperatures in the mid-70 degrees Fahrenheit.” Techniques that have been used at some farms in Connecticut include changing building designs to utilize natural ventilation or the use of fans and water misters.
There is also a need to provide incentives and funds for agricultural businesses, especially since some farmers may be reluctant to change current practices or it may be too expensive. One thing that The Agriculture Workgroup realized was that state support of agriculture products is important. Selling products in grocery stores and other local institutions increases profit and public exposure for farmers. The plan outlines other strategies including the establishment of public funding, reduced property taxes to help maintain farms, and creating more organizations such as the non-profit Northeast Organic Farming Association of Connecticut, which provides farmers with information on how to make farms more efficient and flexible to climate change.

2. Infrastructure
Improved infrastructure planning for climate change was intensified followed by Hurricane Sandy and Irene, and a snowstorm in October 2011, which left up to 32 inches of snow in parts of the northeast on Halloween. Not only can improved infrastructure possibly combat the effects of climate change, but preparedness can also extend to include major storms. The biggest threats to infrastructure are heightened precipitation and sea-level rise, especially in coastal areas. Some areas of interest include dams, buildings, roads, and railroads. There is even a living component called “green infrastructure”, which includes trees. According to (source), “Green infrastructure mitigates the impacts of flooding and storm surge and extreme temperature. Urban planners should choose trees that would do well now and continue to thrive over the next several decades, as winters warm, summers become hotter and...

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