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The Importance Of Corrosion Monitoring Technology

2118 words - 8 pages

I. WHY CORROSION MONITORING
Corrosion cost the process industries an estimated $300 billion dollars a year in lost production, equipment failure, and fines for environmental and safety violations (Avery, 2008). Losses in money, time and equipment made it important to study the corrosion and look for ways to stop it or control it. But since corrosion is a natural problem, it means that we can't totally stop it from happening, but we can try to control it. This fact led to the technology of corrosion monitoring which on the other hand started to undergo development by taking different approaches, considerations and ideas to control the corrosion problem. The author of the book "Corrosion for Everyone", Groysman, A. implied that it is impossible to prevent corrosion of many metals because they are thermodynamically unstable in the environment. And then he suggested studying the materials to see how long the equipment or structure will serve safely and efficiently under particular conditions. In other words, knowing the corrosion rate and corrosion type helps in predicting the life longevity of the equipment and in evaluating when to carry out shutdowns, repairs, or replace the equipment (2009). Another source defines the word corrosion as the breakdown of an engineered material due to chemical reactions with its surroundings and in the most common use of the word corrosion, it means electrochemical oxidation of metals in reaction with oxygen or in general with an oxidant. Formation of an oxide of iron due to oxidation is an example of corrosion and is commonly known as rusting. In other words, corrosion is the wearing away of metals due to a chemical reaction. So, in order to stop the wearing away of the engineered metals, certain methods are used to monitor and control the corrosion rate in these metals (Yang, 2008).
Modern society is fed by energy that is transported through steel pipelines buried under the land or sea. The content of these pipelines is essential to the society but it is often under pressures which present a real danger to life and property. All Humankind are living with the presence of an unseen danger which could have catastrophic consequences such as the leaking that have been experienced in recent years in Russia and many oil producing countries that led to environmental disasters because of corrosion. So, to ensure the reliability of the pipelines, which ensures the safety of people and the content of these pipelines, corrosion controlling technology should be presented and studied. This shows the importance of corrosion monitoring (Alexander, 2007). Another source estimates the cost of corrosion in the USA alone as 276 billion dollars yearly and implies that the current study of corrosion control showed that technological changes have provided many new ways to prevent corrosion. The source suggests that all industrial facilities should put their hand together and try to develop and carry out a national agenda to reduce...

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