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The Importance Of Educating Adolescents On Various Birth Control Methods

2641 words - 11 pages

The Importance of Educating Adolescents on Various Birth Control Methods
Heather G. Hawk
Denver School of Nursing

The Importance of Educating Adolescents on Various Birth Control Methods
The rate of teenage pregnancy in the United States has decreased six percent from 2011 (“Trends in teen pregnancy and childbearing,” 2014). According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, “in 2012, there were 29.4 births for every 1,000 adolescent females ages 15-19, or 305,420 babies born to females in this age group” (“Trends in teens pregnancy and childbearing,” 2014). However, teenage pregnancy still remains a major public health concern. For 2012, “almost one in five births to 15- to 19-year olds were to females who already had one or more babies” (“Trends in teen pregnancy and childbearing,” 2014). Teenagers are becoming mothers at a younger age due to lack of knowledge regarding the risks and consequences of unprotected sex. Nurses can help prevent teen pregnancies by advocating the use of contraceptives, encouraging early communication, providing various birth control options and accessibility.
Patient Information
The majority of patients during clinical at the University of Colorado’s Hospital were adolescents, thus posing a challenge. One patient in particular was a seventeen-year old who gave birth to twin girls and already had an 18-month old boy. According to her chart, the mother had a healthy pregnancy and received prenatal care from a partner of University Hospital. Since she was an adolescent I made sure to include pamphlets, descriptions and models to further strengthen the effectiveness of the teaching plan. Likewise, evaluating the beliefs and attitudes of her culture were essential in the nurse-patient relationship, where forming trust is of utmost importance. Furthermore, I assessed the relationship between the mother and father, which was very loving, affectionate and supportive. While at clinical, the father was always in the room and very helpful with taking care of the twins, as well as the mother. Likewise, the family social dynamics was very supportive, aimed at the health of the twins and mother alike. The family took turns changing, feeding, and holding the twins, yet still provided the mother and father with quiet, bonding time. All in all, the patient information was very straight forward and easy to assess any further needs.
Nursing Diagnosis
My nursing diagnosis is: knowledge deficit related to lack of contraceptive use as evidenced by mother’s statement, “I thought the ‘pull out’ method would work! Didn’t realize I would find out I was pregnant a month later.”
Behavioral Objectives
Mom will explain how birth control is a way of preventing unintended pregnancies
Mom will identify three methods of birth control
Mom will identify one person they could speak to about birth control
Teaching Plan
Develop trust with the patient
Review support systems readily available to patient ...

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