Education and Disability
The importance of education for all children, especially for those with disability and with limited social and economic opportunities, is indisputable. Indeed, the special education system allowed children with disability increased access to public education. Apart from that, the special education system has provided for them an effective framework for their education, and for the institutions involved to identify children with disability sooner. In turn, this promotes greater inclusion of children with disability alongside their nondisabled peers. In spite of these advances however, many obstacles remain, including delays in providing services for ...view middle of the document...
Yet, while the system has improved the situations for children with disability in terms of access to public education, they still lag behind their nondisabled peers in educational achievements. Also, they are often held to lower expectations, are less likely to take the full academic curriculum in higher education, and have a higher tendency to drop out of school.
This study intends to explore on the services offered to students with disabilities, and the outcomes of these services to their education and career goals. It will examine if the obstacles faced by special needs children have to do with how effective the policies are in addressing the needs of such children. This study is important to children with disabilities because it can help them discover the education opportunities available for them, the institutions they can rely on for economic support, and the treatment they should expect from the society.
Many studies focused on how the services for special needs children contribute to their education. However, very few studies recognize the role of the society in their attitude towards success. This paper answers the following questions: 1) how education affect the disabled, 2) how to improve education outcomes for students with disabilities, 3) how can the society deal with the disabled students, and 3) how to identify special learning disabilities.
METHODOLOGY AND DESIGN
In an attempt to answer the four research questions, four related empirical studies are evaluated. The first study by Aron and Loprest in 2012 deals with the importance of special education to children with disability, and therefore answers the research question, how education affect the disabled. The authors traced the history of special education and the context of the laws enacted to protect the rights of special needs children and their families. Further, they explored on the different types of disability, the education services available for the children based on their disability, and how the education system influenced their attitude towards success
The second research question, how to improve education outcomes for students with disabilities, is addressed in the research conducted by Yorkery and Test in 2009. They examined the results of surveys on education success rate of students with disability in North Carolina. The authors identified the difficulties that students with disabilities face in school, and the policies that help them succeed both in school and in their transition to adulthood.
Meanwhile, in a 2003 journal article by Liebert, the various purposes of many disabled students for obtaining access to education are investigated. Liebert noted that these students also aspired to be productive members of the society. The author mentions a number of court cases filed by disabled students, highlighting how they hoped the society would treat them. He reviewed the policy reforms aimed to address the discrimination experienced by...