In developing countries, communication can be used as a vehicle for promoting justice and human rights. In today’s pluralistic society, development is very important for countries to be able to vie at an international level. To accurately comprehend and appreciate human rights, the importance between Human Rights Education (HRE) and the aim of achieving human development has to be recognized. “Education is the most effective tool for empowerment and human development,” (Verma 2002) hence HRE has a vital role in the preservation of human rights and in supporting human development. This is an analysis of the policy and institutional framework of Zimbabwe’s race to achieve universal primary education, how education will continue the progression of development and human rights, and how media and communication plays a critical role in its outcome.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most populated continent. However, it remains the world's poorest and most underdeveloped continent. It is a continent perforated with corrupt governments that have often committed severe human rights violations, diseases, high levels of illiteracy, lack of access to foreign capital, and frequent tribal and military conflict. In the midst of this sadness, there is hope for Africa’s immeasurable stories to be communicated to the rest of the world. Africa will only begin to “rise from the ashes” when awareness is made and communicated through the media.
The Republic of Zimbabwe is located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. The capital is Harare. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. Zimbabwe has a rich history, not only of attainment, innovation, co-operation and economic prosperity, but also of conflict, trials and tribulations that exposes the dynamism of its peoples. Zimbabwe gained its independence in 1980 and inherited an economy with a well-developed modern sector and a large poor urban and rural region. During the 2000’s Zimbabwe’s economy began to fall apart due to mismanagement, corruption and the imposition of sanctions. The decline of the economy catapulted the country into a domino effect. There was an increase in hunger, poverty, child mortality, HIV/AIDS, malaria, regression of gender equality for women, maternal health, environmental sustainability, global partnerships and universal primary education.
Up until 2000, Zimbabwe had one of the most robust education systems in Africa. “The economic crisis created unprecedented shortages. The scarcity of basic commodities such as food and other day-to-day amenities as well as fuel exerted pressure on a starving population. This situation resulted in an exodus of professionals and academics,” (Shizha 2013). The education system has suffered massive crises due to lack of teachers, supplies and deteriorating buildings. Inadequate funding of the education system, political instability and the...