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The Importance Of Reason And Emotion In Distinguishing Between Belief And Knowledge.

1472 words - 6 pages

During these times life is proving to be very interesting, especially living in Guatemala where every day provides a unique outlook on the world surrounding us. This question title is really appropriate for these times, since it is human nature to hold beliefs upon a subject although many other people withhold justified information contradicting the opposing belief. This is so often the root of problems that the human species face due to lack of judgement and understanding between each other, whether through religious contradictions or cultural heritage. Reason and emotion are two important key aspects that implant themselves within the human behaviour, since these characteristics provide a linkage with belief and knowledge. From the philosophy course we have completed so far, it can be proven that reason is an important origin for knowledge while emotion can be recognised as having importance for belief.'The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable man persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man.' I believe those words still hold meaning to us today. This quote provides an interesting aspect since there are different branches of reason, which includes the ability of logic, which allows differentiation between the common man that results with a variety of knowledgeable recognitions. Through rationalism humans are able to gain knowledge through applying their past experiences to the situation at hand; therefore it is really important to use one's reasoning skills originating from their thinking mechanism. Logic itself contains different branches of importance, the main two key sectors being deductive and inductive logic. Deductive logic focuses on the most rational explanations possible that contains a premises and a conclusion. Both parts need to follow suit in order for the reasonable argument to be carried forth. Through the complete straight forwardness of this logical division many problematic issues could arise such as the following example: Stones can't fly. My mother can't fly. Therefore my mother is a stone. This provides an unusual predicament since of course the first two sentences are correct but obviously the final sentence is complete nonsense. So basically if the conclusion doesn't follow logically from the premises then it is invalid. On the other hand, inductive logic focuses more on experience, or empirical knowledge, that originates from observations, generalisation and theory. These mainly originate from the areas of knowledge such as the natural and social sciences. So the reliability of the empirical evidence on which we base our conclusions determines the soundness or otherwise in the argument. Reason itself uses the most thinking, such as the in depth reasoning skills required for mathematics.'The mind leads, the emotions follow.' Emotions are complex feelings that continuously enclose the human mind. It is impossible to control emotions since...

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