The Importance of Richard Arkwright to the Industrial Revolution
Richard Arkwright was the founder of the factory. He was the first
person to invent a machine that used a different form of power other
than man. People called him the Father of the Industrial Revolution.
Richard was a barber in Lancashire when he saw an opening in the
industry for a new invention. Weaving had been speeded up by ‘flying
shuttles’ and the thread wasn’t being produced fast enough to keep up
with the looms, so he used his invention, the water frame, to fill the
gap and get him lots of money.
The Water Frame
Richard Arkwright was a business man and he made an invention called
the water frame.
He used it to make the thread for the looms. At first it was powered
by horses but this wasn't successful because the horses needed rest
and feeding. So he needed a new form of power. Also this machine
couldn’t fit in the houses because it was so big. His machine was
efficient and didn’t need a skilled worker to operate it. Richard
picked up ideas from different inventors of the time and quickly put a
patent on his invention so nobody copied him. His patent was taken
away because he was said to have borrowed all his ideas. But he didn’t
take all of their ideas. He had a few of his own on the machine.
Eventually he found water power for his machine and started building
Hand spinning workers were frightened that they would lose their jobs
and they made Arkwright move to Nottingham. He later set mill in
Cromford, Derbyshire. Arkwright was then faced with the problem of
getting workers to come and work in his factories. He used
advertisements to get workers and their families to come to Cromford
and work for him. He wanted large families so the women and children
would come and work in the factory while the men worked on the looms
in the house.
He built houses for the workers of his factory and chapel and schools
for the children when they weren’t working. Life in the factory,