Our experiences influence the formation of our attitudes, desires and purposes (Dewey1938).Similarly, the experiences of the students in the science classroom determine the subjects that they do as well as lead to a decline in the number of students choosing to do integrated science. In the quest to gain insight into their experiences in the science classroom, it is prudent for the researcher to review some of the issues that could have impacted on their experiences in the teaching and learning of integrated science. The current issues that will be reviewed are ...view middle of the document...
Furthermore, Marincola (2006) posits that as scientific research increases, the average citizen is confronted with grappling of matters of science in his everyday life as many problems that impact human health are questions of science which include smoking which can cause lung cancer, obesity which can lead to diabetes, lead poisoning which results in brain damage in young children and alcohol and drugs which cause brain damage to unborn children. Scientific knowledge would have allowed us to prevent some of these diseases.
Secondly, science education is important to us because as citizens we have a civic responsibility to participate in social decisions, for instance Marincola (2006) argued that it is important that the citizens become engaged in scientific issues which will impact their lives as they live in a modern society. In addition, Marincola (2006) believes that the citizens must struggle with important questions which concerns public policy in which the decisions must be informed by science education for instance, an understanding of the science of embryonic stem cell research is critical to inform policy makers who are advocating or opposing this research. An understanding of climatology is essential to those concerned with the regulation of fossil fuel consumption and energy policy.
Thirdly, science education is important to us as it is important to our economic lives as according to Malik (2012) scientific advancement will lead to economic prosperity and therefore no nation can afford to remain backward. Malik (2012) hones the importance of science education as he emphasizes scientific literacy in this information age, where the average citizen without scientific literacy will not be able to discern the valuable from the worthless. Malik (2012) also stresses that a mechanism that is all inclusive be establish to translate scientific awareness to the most vulnerable citizen in the society which include the poor, the undereducated and the marginalized. Science education is critical to the economic development of the country and if used effectively will improve productivity and meet the needs of the society.
MEST, 2000; Aikenhead (2005) purported that another major purpose of science education is to prepare students for careers in the field of science which include medicine, engineering industry and teaching. AAAS, (1989) (as cited in Aikenhead 2005) believe that the curriculum should include scientific content that will be useful later on in the field of science. Aikenhead (2005) supports the view that science education should be available to all students and the students who demonstrate an aptitude for the subject and excel in it will be motivated to continue in science related careers.
Kola (2013) reiterated that science education is important to the development of any nation that is why every nation must take it seriously in their institution of learning for instance many of the developed countries were...