In an article entitled, Seahorse Power, journalist Andrew Seale states that seahorses have always peaked human curiosity for centuries. The first appearance of the seahorse goes back to Ancient Greece where they appeared on scrolls and in seaside tales from the Victorian age. The hippocampus in the human brain is like that of a seahorse. (Seale, 2012). The common seahorse (Hippocampus kuda) goes by names as estuary; yellow and spotted seahorse.
Seahorses possess horse-like heads, armor-plated bodies, curved trunks, and prehensile tails. It is estimated to be about 35 to 40 seahorse species. Seahorses can be found at local aquariums, pet store, or even a gift shop where they are dead and dried to be sold as souvenirs. The common seahorse is a member of the Syngnathidae family, which also includes pipefish and sea dragons (Tacio, 2010). Helen Scales states that seahorses have “a suite of unusual biological features that include male pregnancy and apparently widespread monogamy (Scales, 2010)."
The common seahorse is listed as "Vulnerable" on The International Union Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List list.
One can find the common seahorse throughout South East Asia, Australia, Japan and even Hawaii. According to National Geographic, H. kuda inhabits shallow tropical and temperate waters all around the globe (National Geographic, n.d.). They are also found in inshore shallow areas.
Common seahorses are typically found in shallow inshore areas with an average depth of zero to eight meters, but seahorses have been found at lower depths of fifty-five meters. They inhabit Mangroves, coastal seagrass beds, estuaries, coastal bays and lagoons, harbors, sandy sediments in rocky littoral zones, and rivers with brackish waters. Seahorses have poor swimming skills, so they wrap themselves around stable objects to support and stop themselves from being taken away from a strong force such as strong ocean currents. Seahorses move through the waters by using a small fin on their back. According to National Geographic, the seahorse’s fin can flutter up to 35 times per second.
The female ‘s eggs are fertilized by the male and then are put into the male’s pouch that he then carries. Tchi Mi, Kornieko, and Drozdov (as cited in Hashikawa, 2004) states that males may carry between 20 to 1000 eggs in their pouch. Project Seahorse (as cited in Hashikawa, 2004) stated that the time when male seahorses go into labor, it varies. It all depends upon the species, the temperature of the water, patterns of a monsoon, and lunar cycles. During a full moon, the male H. kuda is in labor. After several hours, young seahorses arrive as fully developed and independent.
H. kuda is a monogamous species. The only time a seahorse moves on to another mate is only when the previous mate succumbs. The mating ritual of H. kuda is rather interesting. Males...