The Importance the Gallipoli Campaign Succeeded
Gallipoli is in Turkey, near the Dardanelle's. The Peninsula of
Gallipoli lies in Turkey, which forms one side of the Dardanelles
Straits, which is only about 45 miles long, its historic waterway
links the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The campaign was started on
March 18th 1915. It was started to try and knock Turkey out of the
war, because they had just signed an agreement with Germany and were
now attacking Russia, also the Ottoman Empire was seen as the sick-man
of Europe and therefore Germany's weakest ally. Further this campaign
was also designed to open another front against Germany and its allies
and so draw troops away from the Eastern Front and therefore relieve
the pressure on Russia. As well as those reasons there were many more
which made it important for the campaign to succeed.
Firstly I will look at the strategic value of Turkey, at Gallipoli.
First of all Britain felt that Turkey needed to be knocked out of the
war as this would encourage Balkan countries around them to support
us. Their help was much needed, as it would mean another front could
be opened up in Austria-Hungary and it would put Germany under a huge
amount of pressure, as they would now be fighting on three fronts.
Also England was worried that Turkey would threaten our colonies such
as India. Not just as a threat of them taking them over but it would
show them that Britain could be defeated and that they could break
away from the empire. There were many ways that Britain thought of
knocking Turkey out of the war, however the one they used as one of
their main aims was to invade Constantinople and destroy the two major
ammunition factories. Therefore by doing this it would mean that as
well as turkey being out of the war, it would mean that Germany's
supplies would be affected. By attacking Turkey the Germans would have
to relocate there fighting resources from the western and eastern
fronts. We also wanted to cause a revolution, which could bring in
more supportive government, which would join the side of the allies.
The strategic value of turkey very much affected the problems
Many reason for this campaign was to do with Russia as well as
everywhere else. In 1915 the Tsar wrote to Britain asking for help,
this was because they were being attacked by Germany and Turkey and
needed to be relieved of pressure. Therefore if they opened another
front, then troops would have to be diverted from elsewhere and put
more strain on the enemy's resources. Otherwise they might collapse
and cause great disaster not just for Russia alone. However this
campaign was not just to relieve pressure it was to free the route to
Russia via the Dardanelles because of the food supplies for Russia
were low and we needed grain.
It was during this point in...