The Income Inequality Debate Essay

1183 words - 5 pages

ENG.215Final DraftChu Tian WuThe Income Inequality DebateHumans had lived in an egalitarian society for 10000 years before we lived in an equal society, as the article " Our Egalitarian Eden "by Pennisi (2014) said. People all desire to live in unequal society because the concept of egalitarianism is printed in our genes. However, after humankind live in unequal society, our civilization still keeps developing and invents a lot of techniques to make our life more beautiful. According to the article, "The Income Inequality Myth," by Tanner File, Nobel Prize-winning economist Gary Becker pointed out (2011), "If people have the same salaries, reputation and social position, how to stimulate people to work hard? ". I think egalitarianism is not the same as social justice because if people do not know how to optimize the allocation of social resources and just distribute in absolute equality, our civilization cannot develop into a higher level. People might wonder what should we do can guarantee the social gap between the rich people and poor people cannot block social mobility. My personal opinion is society should provide the ability for all people to improve and show their quality, then according to different social worth to distribute wealth. First of all, People must solve inequality in education as soon as possible because education is the most important chance to change people's destiny. According the article "Education Gap Grows Between Rich and Poor" by Sabrina Tavernise (2012), inequality education has replaced race discrimination to be the most serious social problem in US. Rich family's children receive a better education than the poor family's children. So their rates of success in US are totally different. However, they do not have significant IQ difference, actually the only difference that is the rich family can send their children to a private school, but the poor family cannot afford to pay an expensive tuition. Education that is the most important social ladder can help people present their value and raise their social position, although people born in inequality, such as parent's education background or salary all decide their children's starting line. People should still get the equal chance to discover their value and promote their ability. If people cannot guarantee social ladder can open for everybody, it will result into a series of social conflicts because people no longer put the hope on the individual, you would think no matter how you do, you still cannot come out your value because you cannot get the education which can train you to achieve your life's goal, even it can result a series of crime, Such as robbery, theft or swindle. So education must to give people a chance, a hope and a direction that promote success.On the other hand, we still must know social inequality does not equal social injustice and actually they are two totally different concepts in our society. For instance, two fighters fight in a competition,...

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