The Rise Of The Automobile Essay

1855 words - 7 pages

The Rise of the AutomobileMelissa M. JonesHistory 204Dennis MagnusonMarch 22, 2009The automobile has been a very popular item, ever since the day it was invented. Many people make them, many companies sell them and make money off them, and every consumer has one or definitely wants one. So what makes this invention so great and wanted? Well throughout this essay I would like to share the history behind this great invention.Personally I did not know much about automobiles or as they are called in modern day terms, cars. All I really knew is I do not have a great working one, they break down a lot, take a great deal of maintenance, are expensive to get a new one, and cost a lot of money to fix. Now that I have researched the history of the automobile, I have gained new insights, that a car is more than just a piece of metal. The word automobile is defined as "A self-propelled passenger vehicle that usually has four wheels and an internal-combustion engine, used for land transport." (American Heritage dictionary)Before the automobile was invented there were many ways of transportation. People rode bicycles, took trains, used street cars, and rode horse drawn buggies. These methods of transportation were very slow, limited and not very private, but they did get people from place to place. Throughout the decades there were many changes and improvements within this invention. The first unit consists of the years 1865-1976. This was just some of the beginning years for the automobile. Up until the about 1880, inventors experimented with building a "horseless carriage", obviously trying to get a moving object or carriage that did not require a horse to pull. These experiments were powered mainly by steam. They traveled at slow speeds (only up to six miles an hour), were very noisy, frightened horses, smelled awful and polluted the air. Sometimes the coals (used to make steam) would fall off the auto, and burn wooden bridges down. Railroads and stage coach lines hated the automobiles because they did not want any competition. "In 1867 Nicholaus Otto developed an improved internal combustion engine and in 1870 Julius Hock builds the first internal combustion engine that runs on liquid gasoline."(Bellis) These guys were trying to outdo each other and make the better improvements, again this shows in 1877 when "Nikolaus Otto builds the four-cycle internal combustion engine, the prototype for modern car engines." (Bellis)The second unit consisting of years 1877-1920 was just more to come for the automobile. "It was not until 1901 that the first mass-produced cars would be sold in America. Designed by Ransome Eli Olds, it was called the "Curved Dashboard Oldsmobile," and was made in the Detroit, Michigan, area. This car remained the best seller from 1901 to 1904."(Online Guru)It seemed that in the 2oth century new improvements were being made to the automobile. The idea of the automobile was becoming more and more appealing to America. "In 1906...

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