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The Increase In Obesity And Its Effects On The People

1220 words - 5 pages

The United States of America leads the world in obesity. A staggering 35.7% of our country has a Body Mass Index (BMI) of over 30 according to a Center of Disease Control study done in 2010, and that number is slowly, but steadily climbing. The same study reported that nearly 12.5 million American youths were obese also. In June 2013, the American Medical Association officially classified obesity as a chronic disease. Obesity has been linked to numerous preventable diseases and is a factor in 6 out of the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S. Obesity is a preventable and reversible disease that has harmful effects on the body.
In 1990, no states had an obesity rate of above 15%. ...view middle of the document...

But even though the cost of food now is cheap, the health costs later are vast.
One of the biggest (and dangerous) diseases associated with obesity is Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Heart disease is the number one leading cause of death in America. The main cause of this disease is obesity. Heart disease begins when irritants in the blood stream cause artery walls to thicken. These irritants are usually excess blood glucose that haven’t been sent to the cells because of lack of insulin, and an excess amount of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDLs, a.k.a. “bad” cholesterol). Our body also contains High Density Lipoprotiens (HDLS, a.k.a. “good” cholesterol). LDLs carry cholesterol to the arteries, rather than HDLs which carry cholesterol away from the arteries to the liver to be eliminated. The excess amount of blood glucose and cholesterol in the arteries scrapes against the walls, and the body retaliates by thickening the walls of the artery to protect it. This is when atherosclerosis forms, or plaque begins to build. As the plaque hardens, the artery becomes rough and narrow and blood flow begins to slow down. Soon the plaque ruptures and breaks off, and blood clots begin to form within the arteries. When many of these blood clots form and coagulate together, a thrombus is formed and completely cuts off blood flow and oxygen to the heart. As the tissue of the heart begins to die, this is when a heart attack happens. In 2007, heart disease killed 615, 616 people in the U.S. (National Institute of Health). The blocking of arteries does not only lead to heart attacks however. A thrombus can form in an artery that blocks blood flow to the brain, and a stroke can occur. The lack of oxygen to the brains causes cells to die quickly, and the effects are immediate. Paralysis, blindness, and inability to speak are some symptoms. Strokes cause lasting brain damage and long-term disabilities. In the same study done by the National Institute of Health, 135, 814 people died of a stroke in 2007. Blood clots can also lead to lack of blood flow to the limbs, which results in gangrene and eventually amputations of the feet, legs, and arms.
One of the other harmful diseases associated with obesity is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that occurs when the body cannot use glucose as it should. When the body ingests carbohydrates, it breaks down from polysaccharides, to monosaccharaides, then finally glucose. When glucose enters the blood stream, insulin is secreted from the pancreas to send...

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