The Rise to Super Power
The heritages of the Roman culture lie in the ancient and mysterious peasant civilization of the Etruscans. The Etruscan who was thought to derive from Asia Minor settled in Northeastern Italy, (Perry 75). The Romans or Latins, who were only villagers during the rise of the Etruscan civilization, were in close contact with the Etruscans: their language, their ideas, their religion, and their civilization were adapted. They taught all their culture had to offer. The Etruscans were the single most important influence on Roman culture in its transition to civilization (King, L.W.).
One hundred years after Rome had gained its independence; the Romans attacked the Etruscans and defeated them and Rome became a republic in 509 BC. This was during the time the wealthy landowners, the patricians, overthrew the Etruscan King (Perry 74). During this time, Rome was expanding their legal possibilities and political opportunities the republic would bring. The expansion would not be without pains, the constitution was a great form of strife between parties, namely the patricians, commoners or plebeians. The Patricians were the ruling party but the plebeians would see change through. You see the commoners wanted to change the laws on enslavement debt, among something’s but mostly the commoners did not like that, they were looked on in a lesser light. This struggle is often referred to as the Struggle of Orders.
Many Changes happened during the Struggle of orders; Although Rome was ruled by the upper class that often used bribes to keep control and order. The Romans created their constitution based on civic need rather than religious law (Perry 75). The Romans were not just conquers; however, they were sponges, soaking up many of the cultures and the people they conquered. The Romans were very practical and were known to show common sense when developing policy and procedure for running their legal state (Perry 77).
The expansion of Rome is explained in three stages, the uniting of the Italian peninsula, this conquest was not possible without Rome’s mighty army but also the Italian people, Roman leaders won them over through generous treatment. The second expansion came the conquest of the Mediterranean regions, leading to the Punic Wars and their deadly encounters with Carthage. These were call the worst days of the republic, yet Rome pressed forward, however, Scipico Africanus would defeat Hannibal in the Battle of Zama, North Africa 202 B.C (Perry 80). Thirdly, they were soaking up more cultures and expanding citizenships. Roman was becoming a multinational and diversified metropolis.
Rome developed jus genteium, the law of the nations or of the people, which would become applied across the board in the Roman Empire. Slave trade was lucrative and profitable, Romans considered slavery a necessary part of life. Massive amounts of slaves were used called latifunda, this was caused by farms being...