With today’s technological surveillance capabilities, our actions are observable, recordable and traceable. Surveillance is more intrusive than it has been in the past. For numerous years countries such as the United State and the United Kingdom have been actively monitoring their citizens through the use of surveillance technology. This state surveillance has been increasing with each passing year, consequently invading the citizen’s fundamental constitutional right to privacy,. This has lead to the ethical issues from the use or misuse of technology, one such ethical issue is should a government have the right to use technology to monitor its citizens without their knowledge or approval? For this reason this paper will examine what the terms ethics, ethical issue and state surveillance refer to. Next, an exploration into the ethics of governmental monitoring from the perspective of a variety of ethical systems such as: ethical formalism, act utilitarian, rule utilitarian and subjective relativism model. From this examination of state surveillance through ethical systems, a conclusion of whether it is ethical or unethical will be apparent.
What do ethics refer to?
Ethics is a system of moral principles that affect how individuals formulate decisions and lead their lives. Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy. Ethical issues conversely according to are difficult social questions that contain controversy over what is the right thing to do (Pollock, 2012, pg14). One of the foremost ethical issues in the United Sates America as well is that of state surveillance. So what is state surveillance?
What does surveillance refer to in the context of this paper?
Surveillance is the observation and/or monitoring of a...