Social scientists and organizational psychologist have given additional acknowledgment to the influence of social and cultural issues in organizational system (Carter, 2000, p. 2). This clearly indicates that how these issues affect many fields of society and how important is their resolution. Many key global events of the last decade have captured attention on issues of nationalism and cultural diversities. As Hallinan and Jackson says, “Within the context of the post 9/11 era a complex and arguably contradictory and paradoxical set of conditions, practices and policies have emerged in relation to how we see, represent, understand and acknowledge the diversity of ‘Others’” (2008). In this paper, I have discussed issue of racism which our contemporary society is facing.
Overcrowded prisons and improper punishment systems are immense social issues for many nations’ governments. Growing prison punishment has led to congested prison and jails which also costs heavily to tax payers as well as government. Moreover, in many developed nations prison system exerts control against the poor, minorities and immigrants; they are mistreated and anguished by authorities. The United States has seen continuous growth in its prison. A projected increment in seen due to “get-tough” policies that locks up offenders for longer sentences (Ohlemacher 2007, para. 1). The correction system had been through various phases of transformation. Government is being tough on crime; this approach results in rising prison populations. Rather it should get tough on the causes of crime.
There are many reasons of increased population of prisons. The world is becoming more complicated, heavily crowded, and more challenging for many citizens and this imparts to crime related problems. On international basis, current scientific opinion is that retribution through incarceration does not lower crime rates and, rather in some cases, it worsens crime rates. Thousands of people are residing in United States prisons and jails, and they go untreated. The very institutions which confines offenders, creates people with mental illness and drug addictions disorders. Crime needs varying interventions targeting problem-specific areas due to numerous factors.
The United States is the world leader in the increasing prison rate, in both as a percentage of population and raw figures. As per a fresh report which employs data of each and every state, a record 2,319,258 citizens were in prison or jail at the beginning of 2008; which means one amongst every 99.1 adults.
The increasing rate of prisoners do cost very high to the tax payers as well as other plans of government. US government spent six times more on prison inmates than the rate of increment for higher education expenditure. Another negative impact is that due to budget shortfalls faced by states, they had made a proportionate reduction in expending on education and other social requirement (Levinson 2002, p. 34). The rate of...