The People’s Republic of Bangladesh, commonly known as Bangladesh, is a Southern Asian country located in between India and Myanmar. A parliamentary republic that elects its parliament, known as the Jatiyo Sangshad, Bangladesh has a population of over 160 million, enough to make it the eighth most populated nation in the world. Due to the fact it is relatively small, at just under 57,000 square miles, the country is also effectively one of the most densely populated nations, which has played a central role in the modern economic and industrial development of the country.
Bangladesh is located in what is known as the Ganges Delta, one of the most fertile regions in the entire world, which is evident through the numerous early civilizations existing within the area. The three major rivers located within the nation are the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Mengha, and heavily contribute to the fertility of the region, but also leaves it heavily prone to flooding during heavy rain seasons, and severe drought during dry spells. It’s location, both near the equator and the sea, makes it vulnerable to the effects of a tropical climate, including monsoons and typhoons. Being a low-lying country, Bangladesh has only a few peaks and highlands spread throughout various reaches of the landscape. Overall, the country is known for being highly vulnerable to various weather-related calamities, stemming from the tropical monsoon climate and being such a low location related to sea level.
Being a unitary state, Bangladesh thus consolidates all of its government power within the central government. The parliament is elected every five years, which sits in a single, unicameral chamber. The President, technically the head of state, is predominantly a ceremonial post, by which little actual executive is actually wielded. One of the President’s primary roles is to appoint the Prime Minister, who is the head of government, and is responsible for the appointing of cabinet members and running the actual daily happenings in the government. Multiple political parties are active and take part in the elections in Bangladesh; the Prime Minister must be elected from the majority party in the parliament. The country has had several instances of emergency law requiring a caretaker government to hold elections over the past few decades, which hints at levels of corruption being rooted into Bangladesh’s rule of law. The unicameral legislative system only complicates this matter, as the majority party is often unhindered in its efforts. These aspects of Bangladesh’s government, along with the dynamics of the nation’s development, will be highlighted during the analysis of the pressing needs in terms of information technology expansion to move the country forward in modern times.
Background and Early History
Ancient civilizations began in areas that are part modern-day Bangladesh nearly four millennium ago, right around the time that similar...