The Industrial Revolution In Europe Essay

1359 words - 6 pages

In 1750 political liberalism, the enlightened age, Infrastructure, and the economic climate allowed Great Britain to seek new job opportunities and exploit new business ideas. In addition, literacy, public education and the middle class was rising immensely. Concepts like partnerships and selling shares were introduced during this time period. The process of the Industrial Revolution was rapid in Western Europe however, by the 1900 all of Europe was involved. Over all, the effects of the revolution changed the way materials are transported, how products are made, on a global basis.The Industrial Revolution was a critical turning point in European history because the changes made are integral in the modern age. The inventions made expanded the global market, a solid infrastructure was built to support a stable economy, as well as shift in individuals socioeconomic status.
Without the inventions of the Industrial Revolution, the machines that increased productivity and quicken production would not be present in today’s factories and manufacturing industry would not have the assembly line and mass production we have today. British inventors created the machines that make mass production possible. The invention of the Spinning Jenny had a major impact on the production of the cotton industry, this in turn led to the increase of factories in 1769. The rise of manufactories in 1769 was a factor of the most important development in the industrial revolution. Weaving was done more efficiently and the quality was
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increased and more durable due to the Spinning Jenny as well as the cottage system. During the 1700’s, mills and factories were dependent on the flow of water to power the machines that were necessary to produce materials and products, running water was the first source of power. Therefore factories and mills were located along canals and rivers. The factories were limited due to the dependency on water which in turn limited the growth of the factories to be built away from bodies of water. Many skillful inventors exploited the water powered tools such as the hand-driven spinning and weaving tools to increase production, others took the inventions to the next level. James Watt is an excellent example of an innovative man in the Industrial Revolution. His creation of the steam engine “Sun and Planet” allowed for the construction of factories to be built closer to cities and more populated locations which allowed the factories to save money on transporting goods to the city as the factory was stationed closer to the consumers. The new factories that were built in the rural areas had a major impact on Britain’s manufacturing industry and from this great revolution many other countries would follow what Britain had created impacted on others worldwide. Once steam powered machines were available cotton factories moved to urban areas this expanded Manchester in 1851 and will later impact the way we manufacture material. These inventions...

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