The Industrial Heartland Megalopolis Essay

659 words - 3 pages

There are basically seven factors that must be met before an industry can start to takeplace in a particular area. Those seven factors are: raw materials, transportation, energy, markets,labour, capital, and government. The Industrial Heartland is almost like one big industry,connected in a vast megalopolis. I'll be taking a closer look at these factors and the way this areameets the locational factors.The Industrial Heartland is an area that includes: Quebec, Ontario, Michigan, Illinois,Indiana, Connecticut, Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Washington DC,West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Delaware, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, NewHampshire, and Vermont.Raw Materials(ex. iron ore, coal, limestone etc.) is an unprocessed material used as thebase for primary industry. The Industrial Heartland has many different mining sites throughout it.(ex-the nickel mine in Ontario, mines in Pittsburgh, Gary, Baltimore, Hamilton, Sault Ste.Marie....etc.)Transportation is extremely important in this area. Most mines and mills are located bywaterways to make transportation readily available for it's transport's. Coal, limestone, andmany other kinds of mines use the Great Lakes to transport, which happens to be in the middle ofthe Industrial Heartland. They usually have tons of material to move so water transportation cancarry lots of material, it's cheap, but it's also slow. Another important route in this region is theSt. Lawrence Seaway, which was an significant factor in the decision of industries to locate in thisregion. Other main waterways in this region are: Ohio River, Mississippi River, New York StateBarge Canal System, New York Harbour, Philadelphia Harbour, and Baltimore Harbour.There is also Railway to consider for transportation. They can almost go anywhere in thisregion, but they are more expensive than Waterway transport, and not as adaptable as trucks.Truck hauling is considered the best for most of the transport. Though the cost of fuel hasincreased over the years, trucks are still the main carrier of cargo.Energy, is one of the most, if not the most important factor for industries. Every industryneeds power, energy. Some sources of energy are: Hydroelectricity, Thermal electric, natural gas,and coal.Hydroelectricity is a...

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