The Industrial Revolution
Going to work for a full day isn’t much fun after working fifteen hours the day before! 60-70 hour work days are never pleasant in anybody’s mind. How is it that so many people did this during the Industrial Revolution? Was it because they wanted the extra money? Or was it because they wanted the high political or economic status? For some people these were the reasons, but for most it was because of one concern. Survival! The Industrial Revolution greatly changed the workplace and the proletarians.
The Factory system was changed forever by the name of one man, Richard Arkwright. Even though Arkwright was not a great inventor, he used other peoples ideas to advocate his own ambitions to the next level. “He was the first who knew how to make something out of other men’s inventions, and who built them up into an industrial system.” (Mantoux 221) Arkwright personally dealt with John Kay’s flying shuttle. However, the invention he patented was not John Kay’s but a more sufficient and effective invention. He worked with the Spinning Jenny, which was invented by James Hargreaves. (Clare 10-13) Arkwrights use of the Spinning Jenny, became the basis on how to use inventions for producing max outputs (Mantoux 224).
The Industrial Revolution was supported by the new and efficient inventions. Inventions were created by many and shaped the nations future. One of the most important inventions was the Steam Engine. The Steam Engine was initially created by Thomas Newcomen, but his invention was very clumsy and didn’t have a practical purpose (mantoux 225). However, James Watt managed to create a more efficient device, by creating rotary motion from inserting a crank and a flywheel (Claire 12-15). James Watt can be described by this comment “ Watt has one of those rare minds which can master the details as well as the whole, and which are never satisfied with the mere enunciation of a principle but follows it out into all its applications: for which, in a word, science is at once the end and the means.” After many years of a misunderstanding of purpose, the steam engine, finally settled on a practical use. Mathew Boulton would use the invention as a pumping device for water. This would greatly change factory development and the people who worked their. The Steam Engine could be the most significant invention of the Industrial Revolution (Mantoux 230-250). The Spinning Jenny and the Steam Engine were the key inventions that created the Industrial Revolution.
In the beginning of the nineteenth century factory working conditions were bad. Diseases that occurred in the occupation were at a high risk also with, accidents and harsh discipline. These were the physical affects of the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, but with them were issues with social class consisting of moral degradation, and female competition for male jobs. Also from the factory style of life abortion was quite high and infant and child deaths were...