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The Industrial Revolution Essay

1133 words - 5 pages

The industrial revolution was never determined; it begins when James Watt improved the steam-engine year 1769.
Before James Watt improved the steam-engine he had to build all the factories around a lake, but with the help of the steam-engine he could now build it anywhere, the steam-engine went on carbon that England had a lot of.
For the industrial economy would develop as well as it did so, it took ideas and technical knowledge to invent and develop machines that could take over the work so that no man needed to work themselves to death.
For everything to work they also neededs money to invest new machines and factories.
The people who worked there never got fired, they had to take care and look after the machines and all the stuffs the machines made, they had to make them available for selling, a possibility to transport the stuffs to the other countries was also an important thing to do.
It was Britain's advantages; they could reach all the markets of the world and carry the goods manufactured.
Why it was just England as the Industrial Revolution began was that other countries didn’t have access to the machines that England had.
England had a lot of advantages in terms of the Industrial Revolution; England had a large merchant fleet to transport goods.
If there wouldn’t be any industrial revolution everyone had to live like farmers, no electricity and bad tools.
In the 1800s the population had increased due to a better hygiene and the agriculture could make more food to the people. In the 1800s it were like 80 percent of the population worked within agriculture and in the end of 1800s it were like 9 percent of the population that still worked there.
The machines were so good now that it was very cheap for everyone to buy stuff.
There was a captain called John Hawkins and in year 1562 he sailed from England to Sierra Leone in West Africa, there he bought 300 slaves, pearls and sugar. He returned back to England afterwards and sold everything with a really good profit. This method was really good in the 1700s and it was called the triangle trade because they sailed in a triangle around the pacific ocean.
Many rich Englishmen could now invest in the projects that became popular under the 1800s. They also realised that it was better to increaste there profit by using the money than just build a house and get cool stuffs. This was called the capitalism. It became one of the biggest conditions for the industrial revolution.
In the 1700s there was loads of rules and laws that made it harder for the craftmans and the farmers.
The farmers had to pay dearly in tariffs and the craftsmans had to do a mastertest that had to be approved by the guilds (craftmans association), because the masters in the guilds didn't want competition the craftsmans had a hard time to pass the mastertest. There was a writer named Adam Smith that came up with the idea that was called for economic liberalism. Adam Smith meant that unnecessary laws and rules didn't developed...

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