The industrial revolution was a movement for change from agriculture to industry. It began during the 1780s, at the same time as the French and American Revolutions. Like most other revolutions the industrial revolution in Great Britain had many causes. The main five are, change in farming practices, population growth, food surplus, natural resources and a supply of markets.
As new approaches to farming became known in Great Britain, the amount of crops produced increased drastically. Because of the good weather many farmers were able to have more successful harvests and increase the size of their farmland. New plants were able to grow because of the milder climate. Now farmers could afford to sell their crops and buy other manufactured goods. Farmers could also afford newer and better transportation. Transportation like trains made it easier to get food to other places. It also took less time, so crops were less likely to spoil. Changes in farming then lead to another cause of the Industrial revolution; food surplus.
As farmers had better harvest and crops they soon started selling their extra crops. With new farming methods it was possible to produce more and more foods. The food not only was able to feed the entire population but it was enough to export to other countries, too. This made many people in Britain very wealthy. Cotton was in high demand, and the extra money made by the crops sold made it possible to open factories. Overall the food surplus made it possible for people to profit from their extra crops.
Because of the food surplus the British population grew. People were able to eat fresher and healthier foods. Which lead to a longer life expectancy. The population also affected the number of people able to work in cotton factories. The work force was much larger during the Industrial revolution. Even more new factories opened; the demand for cotton cloth was higher than ever....