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The Industrial Revolution And Great Britain

1795 words - 7 pages

Since the advent of man, the human race has gone through many changes throughout history. One of the greatest and most crucial changes was the Industrial Revolution of Great Britain. Although the Industrial Revolution did have a few drawbacks, the positive outcomes of the Revolution far outweighed the negative effects. It pushed Great Britain fifty years ahead of other European countries and morphed the country into one of the strongest nations of its time. The Revolution improved the overall state of Great Britain mainly through the innovation and invention of new technologies, improvement in communication and transportation, and enhancing the lifestyles of the British commoner.

During the time period of the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain saw rapid change. Many new inventions and innovations drastically improved both the economic state of Britain and the lives of the people. The introduction of better farming practices and inventions of new farming tools such as the wheat drill, which was a “sowing device that positioned and covered seeds in the soil” , made farming a lot more efficient and required less human labor. As a result people moved to cities in search of jobs, thus providing a large workforce for factories. During the industrial revolution “many people left their rural communities to work in towns and cities...working in a factory” . These factories became the powerhouses of the industrial revolution. “Never before had people been put to work in such a well-organized way” as they had been in factories. This new method of manufacturing goods exponentially increased the economy of Britain as new machines were introduced. These new machineries enabled cheaper labor and mass production of goods at lower costs, allowing Britain to export more goods which in turn increased the country’s economy. Britain was also rich in coal. “Abraham Darby...figured out a way of smelting iron using coke, an extract of coal... [which] made the procedure of smelting [iron] much simpler and cheaper” . As a result “the country produced 25,000 tons of pig iron a year [and] by 1804, 10 times as much were made”. The large supply of coal and rapid production of iron made Britain “the world’s biggest iron exporter” and quickly boosted its economy since the demand of iron and coal was great all across Europe. Another great new machinery was the steam engine, invented by James Watt. The “Steam Engine was one of the essential mechanisms that drove the Industrial Revolution”. Many historians argue that the “world…would never have progressed so quickly without it” . It replaced traditional water pumps in coal mines, “producing far more power than traditional pumping; in two days it could do a week’s worth of work by 50 men and 20 horses”. The industries of coal, iron, and steam went hand in hand because the “more steam engines were built, the more iron was needed; the more iron smelted, the more coal was needed; the more coal mined, the more steam engines...

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