The Industrial Revolution As A Time Of Great Progress

1128 words - 5 pages

The Industrial Revolution as a Time of Great Progress

I believe that the Industrial Revolution affected everyone in
different ways. I think that the majority of the already richer people
did well out of the Industrial Revolution because they could afford to
build up businesses and continue to build on already existing ones.
They were made a lot more successful because of factories, transport
and the poor's life style.

The factories improved the businesses because they could make so much
more produce and therefore much more profit. However the factories put
the skilled workers out of their jobs as the big batches of produce
where in a much higher quantity and in much less time, therefore they
were cheaper which meant more people could buy them, and it was
fashionable to have the “in” pottery, for example, so everybody wanted
it and it advertised the factories produce. New machines were being
developed all the time, like the Spinning Jenny and the water frame
and were helping to boost companies demand for their products. Before
the 19th century, the main industry was farming and all the work was
done by hand in small industries. But after 1750 machinery was
increasing greatly and forced the poorer people to work in factories
or not at all, seeing as there was no longer many other jobs and they
weren’t paid much, or even just in tokens, which could only spent in
the owner’s workshop and were useless outside. Now the main industry
was cotton and all the work was done using machines in large
workshops.

The factories were making so much extra produce that they could no
longer transport it in the old horse and cart via roads. The roads
were often too muddy and the carts would get stuck in thick deep mud
or in traffic and would be unable to transport all the products and
all of it would get wasted. In order to try and solve the problems
some towns linked together and made new roads to save the isolated
roads from being dangerous and congested. There were toll roads and
turnpikes introduced in order to prevent bad traffic on the roads and
some of the roads were coated in tarmac in order to stop the mud and
flooding. However in around 1780-1820 canals were introduced around
the country, they were planned for and paid for by the Duke of
Bridgewater. He owned coalmines and he sold his coal to Manchester,
but the road was 11km long and very expensive. He opened a Bridgewater
canal and was able to

tr5ansport his coal for a much lower price, and made the price come
down a lot so it was more popular. The main problem with canals was
that they needed hills in order for the water to flow downwards and
fast enough, but the produce was sent much faster and for...

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