The Industrial Revolution Become Increasingly Radicalised. Explain Why. This Essay Explains This With Relation 2 Economics, Sans Cullotes, Fear Of Counter Revolution, Robespierre Etc. Quotes Included

1125 words - 5 pages

The French Revolution became increasingly radical. Explain why this occurred.The spiralling radicalisation of the French Revolution was propelled mainly by the economy, pressure from other countries, fear of counter-revolution, sans-culottes dominance and finally the tyranny of Maximillien Robespierre. The perception of what was alleged as "radical" (defined as "departing markedly from the usual or customary; extreme") was altered through the various stages of the revolution due to these different influencing factors that occurred over time. Hence, since these factors pushed the idealology of radicalism further left, what was previously conceived as "extreme" became moderate, therefore acceptable and were adapted, which further radicalised the revolution itself.Firstly, the Economy had a significant role as one of the forces behind radicalisation. The economic crisis from early as the 1700 was the fundamental reason for the public discontent that lead to unification of the people against the monarchy and the radical act later of executing the king. It was the scarcity of food that lead to the Economic Terror imposed by the Convention in July 1793, passing a death penalty for hoarding, The Law of General Maximum on 29 September 1793 which fixed bread and essential goods and services as well as wages and the Committee of Public Safetys' creation of a Food's Commission whose rule was to supervise and punish.Secondly, pressures from other countries of Europe who felt the need to halt the revolution in France and restore the monarchy, lead to radical acts within France. As the Revolution stumbled under the weight of foreign war (Austria, Prussia, Holland, Spain and Great Britain) and civil war in 1971 less than a year after Convention was established, the people were deeply unhappy due to inflation from war, the shortage of food and in particular various legislation forcing Conscription. The results were a more radical revolutionary leadership. The Girdondins (leaders from the bourgeoisie revolution) who still dominated the Convention were seen as incapable of defending the country as well as too moderate and on June 22, 1793, 80,000 armed sans-culottes surrounded the meeting halls of the National Convention which resulted in the arrest of the 29 Girondin members of the Convention and the shift of power to the Jacobins, a far more radical group, who, without opposition now had firm control not only of the Convention, but the French nation as well.The Sans-Culottes were one of the most powerful forces behind the radicalisation of the revolution. They had played an important role in 1789 in storming the Bastille and when they overthrew the monarchy (summer 1792 to spring 1794) it was impossible to control Paris without obtaining their support. By the spring of 1793, the Mountain and the sans-culottes had effectively taken over the Convention.The Sans-Culottes had substantial influence over the Convention through their violent Journees. One major...

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