The Industrial Revolution Was A Time Of Drastic And Transformation From Hand Tools, And Hand Made Items To Machine Manufactured And Mass Produced Goods.

1052 words - 4 pages

The Industrial RevolutionThe Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic and transformation from hand tools, and hand made items to machine manufactured and mass-produced goods. This change generally helped life, but also hindered it as well. Pollution, such as CO2 levels in the atmosphere rose, working conditions declined, and the number of women and children working increased. The government, the arts, literature, music, and architecture and man's way of looking at life all changed during the period. Two revolutions took place, both resulting in productive but also dire consequences.Before the first Industrial Revolution, England's economy was based on its cottage industry, where workers bought raw material from merchants and made their goods at home. It was owned and managed by one or more people, who had a good worker/boss relationship. This was demolished by capitalism. The industry was efficient but the workers, productivity was low, making costs higher. The longer it took one person to manufacture a product, the higher the price was, and the wealthy people were usually the ones who bought them.The Industrial Revolution started in England around 1733, with the first cotton mill. A more modern world had begun, as new inventions were being created. Factories followed thereafter. In 1733 British weaver John Kay, saved England's economic crisis by inventing the flying shuttle, which cut weaving time in half. Although, at first, many workers didn't accept machines, many inventions were destroyed. Inventions such as the spinning jenny, cotton gin, spinning mule, and power loom all helped the manufacture of cotton goods b speeding up the process.The factory system had replaced the cottage industry, where mass production made usually expensive items, such as shoes, less expensive and easily affordable by lower class and less wealthy people. In the 1800's, inventions weren't just limited to the cotton industry, steam engines were also invented. They provided a faster mode of transpiration, instead of horses and carriages. With the steam engines, cities were able to move farther away from rivers and sources of water, to start cities.There were also severe consequences that were brought on to society. Factory owners, needing cheap, unskilled labor, profited greatly by using children and women to run the machines. By the age of six, many children were already working fourteen hours a day in factories. These kids had no free time to do anything else and earned low wages. Some of the kids got sick and died because of the toxic fumes, while others were severely injured and sometimes killed working at the dangerous machines in factories.The second Industrial Revolution proved more drastic, not only in inventions, but in social and government reforms. Art and culture flourished, and was transformed into many different and unique styles. The first Industrial Revolution had forever changed England, and later the world.During this revolution, the power of...

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