The Industrialization And Social Developments Of Hong Kong

1748 words - 7 pages

The industrialization and social developments in Hong Kong are dated back during the British imperial rule when they started introducing various policies that revolutionized industrialization and social developments in the country. The influence of the British on China dates back the 18th century, when the British traders started enforcing a relaxation of trade policies and practices that were adopted by the Chinese government. This culminated in the Opium war of 1839 that ended in the 1842, when the Chinese was defeated and the British forces were able to make demands on the Chinese government in regard to the formulated trading policies. This also marked the history of the British occupation of the Hong Kong, a rocky Island off the coast of Canton (Fu, & Young, 2005). The World War two led to the defeat of the British forces and Hong Kong fell under the leadership of the Japanese based on the coordinated attacks across Asia. The Island fell under Japanese leadership on 25th Dec 1941 until 1945 when the British forces reoccupied and overthrew the Military rule of the Japanese. During the period of Japanese rule, the population fell from 1.6 million to 0.6 million people based on their brutal military rule (Tsang, 2007). This study will entail a discussion of China’s industrialization and social developments in the post World War II era leading to structural reforms in economics, social, and political arena. The tumultuous yet illustrious history of Hong Kong led to its unique social and industrial developments, largely formulating its current economic dynamics.
The Hong Kong economy had a significant impact on the People's Republic of China (PRC) economy because it served as a major entry point to the country with major ports. Therefore, the post-war industrialization had a significant effect not only in Hong Kong, but also on the Chinese economy. The initial step was isolated from the international economy as a result of embargoes imposed during the war and different ideological reasons. For example, the United States had imposed a trade embargo in 1949, followed by the United Nations in 1951. The establishment of the aforementioned embargos did not affect Hong Kong's economy to a greater extent as the tiny island played a crucial role in international trade. Hong Kong remained to be of crucial importance to the People's Republic of China in pursuit of industrialization efforts. In 1960's, PRC exported food and water to Hong Kong, leading to mutual dependence to the mainland. During the self-sufficiency period, the provision of cheap food helped to Hong Kong residents minimize cost of living (Schenk, 2001). The Hong Kong's industrialization began in the 1950's as a result of the imposition of embargos by other nations that was precipitated by the developments that were undertaken by the government. The imposed trade embargoes caused shortage of various products, which were outsourced from other countries and the country started innovating...

Find Another Essay On The Industrialization and Social Developments of Hong Kong

The Fall of Hong Kong December 1941

794 words - 3 pages Punjabis had all their experienced officers and troops in Europe and India, strengthening Hong Kong with hastily trained troops. The last group defending Hong Kong were the Hong Kong Volunteer Corps, they had 1000 men that were too old for the professional army but were amazingly enthusiastic to fight in defence of their home and they knew the local area well. Adding on to all that, rumours were passed around us about how the Japanese could not see

Toronto and Hong Kong Essay

579 words - 2 pages When it comes to making a decision upon where to live, many people would often decide to look at the most suitable places on earth that qualifies for their expectations of living standards. Some of the factors that may affect the outcome of the decision are education, government, economy, climate and other things that have an impact on our living conditions. Toronto and Hong Kong are in fact two of the top ten ranked world cities for both

Hong Kong and Singapore

757 words - 4 pages Prior to analyzing the situation of Hong Kong and Singapore, it is important to be cognizant of the fact that predictions of the future economic trajectories of these two city-states is certainly not an uncontested arena in the academic world. There are perhaps a few competing explanations for why Hong Kong might lag behind Singapore in terms of development in the long term, but unfortunately they do not concretely and convincingly sway the

History of Hong Kong

782 words - 3 pages "Tourism and the Hong Kong economy" is basically describing the relations between the tourism and economy in Hong Kong. There are many different resources can cause the influence on economy by tourism, such as, the export of services, industries, and policy etc. The present monograph introduces the issues, the source markets which how they affect the tourism. Also analysis of the economic impact of tourism and addresses the strategic importance

Coporate Social Responsibility of Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong

1647 words - 7 pages Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong, such as San Hung Kai Properties and Henderson Land Development Comapny Ltd are one of the sectors that are most influencing and profitable in this city. Holding a majority of lands, buildings and much capital, these firms have been being a major concern of the public in regard of their influence on the society. In this essay, differnet views on the coporate social responsibility (CSR) are examinated and

Corporate Social Responsibility of Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong

1911 words - 8 pages Leading Property Companies in Hong Kong, such as San Hung Kai Properties and Henderson Land Development Company Ltd are one of the sectors that are most influenced and profitable in this city. Holding a majority of lands, buildings and much capital, these firms have been a major concern of the public in regard of their influence on the society. In this essay, different views on the corporate social responsibility (CSR) are examined and justified

Comment on the pros and cons of privatization of social welfare services in Hong Kong society. Use the “LINK-REIT” as an example to illustrate your answer

4273 words - 17 pages Topic 6: Comment on the pros and cons of privatization of social welfare services in Hong Kong society. Use the "LINK-REIT" as an example to illustrate your answer.IntroductionThe Link-Reit (Real Estate Investment Trust) has long been a controversial issue ever since its launch. The issue in fact concerns the privatization of welfare services. The purpose of this paper is to review the worthiness of privatization in the midst of conflicts of

The Social Impact of Industrialization

1549 words - 6 pages true, but there was a great and, at times, appalling, price paid in human suffering to attain this standard of living. From the start, industrialization meant the transformation of countries' populations from being predominantly rural to being predominantly urban. In England, this involved the migration of millions from the agricultural south to the cities springing up near the coal and iron fields in the north. The population of Manchester, England

The Social Impact of Industrialization

1549 words - 6 pages true, but there was a great and, at times, appalling, price paid in human suffering to attain this standard of living. From the start, industrialization meant the transformation of countries' populations from being predominantly rural to being predominantly urban. In England, this involved the migration of millions from the agricultural south to the cities springing up near the coal and iron fields in the north. The population of Manchester, England

Pros and Cons of Funding the Construction of the Express Rail Link in Hong Kong

751 words - 4 pages In January of 2010, the Legislative Council have eventually approved the funding for the construction of Guandzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), which costs $66.9 billion. This astronomical cost raised a lot of discussions that whether the railway worthed it or not. The whole alignment of the XRL railway is about 140 kilometres with its intermediate stations in Humen, Longhua and Futian. Some have argued that the new railway could

Scheme $6000: A Benefit to Both the Government and the People of Hong Kong or Not?

2222 words - 9 pages Hong Kong Housing Authority, District Office and Social Welfare Department and the Post Offices need man power. The salaries of these people will use a lot of public funds. Actually, the costs of deliver $6000 are much more than $6000 because the procedures involved have used many public treasury. And human resources wasted would not go to any body’s hands. It is not an effective method. Besides, scheme $6000 is not a long-term benefit for Hong

Similar Essays

The Transformation Of Hong Kong Essay

1336 words - 5 pages The Transformation of Hong Kong A drastic change came over Hong Kong during my supposed three month long business trip. This was not my first time in Hong Kong since I work for Walt Disney Imagineering and my team of engineers had been spending years planning the creation of the fourth Disney resort in Hong Kong. I had arrived in Hong Kong in mid-February 2003. My coworkers and I were staying at the Island Shangri-La which is located in

Understanding Social Welfare Of Hong Kong

1450 words - 6 pages crisis. Protest against fare increases on Star Ferry escalated into full-scale rioting. Hong Kong was rocked and the authorities were under considerable pressure in the aftermath of the disturbances. After learning the lessons from the riots, the government saw the necessity to improve the quality of the social services. On the other hand, urbanization and industrialization enable Hong Kong to maintain a constant

Economy And Policies Of Hong Kong

2398 words - 10 pages consumption declined in 2012 compared to previous which is shown in Diagram 4. In order to improve the economic performance of 2013, Tsang announced his proposals during the release of the budget for 2013; the new policies would focus mainly on four key areas. They are the booming of economic growth, the optimization of human resources, investment in infrastructure and social welfare. Projects include The Hong Kong Section of the Express Rail Link

The Management Of 21st Century: Hong Kong

838 words - 3 pages economic environment, labour market and social environment. In the economic environment, Hong Kong has faced the Asian financial turmoil in 1997. But now, the overall economic condition progressively improved. Later, China will be a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Hong Kong will gain a lot of business opportunity in different trades, such as banking, insurance, telecommunication. Those businesses need the new management for their