“Only two things are infinite; the universe and human stupidity, and I’m not sure about the former” Albert Einstein.
The career of astrophysics is a complex one, because of the kind of research that is involved. The research will describe the career of astrophysics, what is required to become a successful astrophysicists and the impact this career has on society.
The study of astronomy and physics begins with the ancient Greeks. Their view was that the Earth was the center of the universe. It wasn’t until the Renaissance when a few in western civilization, ever thought that the sun might be the center of planetary motion. Around 150 A.D. Ptolemy invented the concentric view, which explained that the Earth is the center of planetary motion. In the year 1543, Copernicus published his heliocentric view.
Modern Astronomy begins in Europe around 1300 A.D. The Renaissance took place from the early 1300s to about 1600. During the 1500s, those who believed in Copernicus’ heliocentric view were persecuted by the Roman Catholic Church. Galileo supported Copernicus’ heliocentric model, which was the idea that the sun was the center of planetary motion. This move however is what landed him in house arrest for the rest of his life. Then much later Isaac Newton presented his three laws of motion. Isaac also presented his law of universal gravitation.
By the early 1900s Albert Einstein came along and shook up the world by saying the universe is not a mechanical gadget like a lot people who understood Newton were saying. The universe is very different when you consider that small high particles do not behave as predicted when using Newton’s laws. Modern physics were born in the 20th century and Albert Einstein kicked the century with his theory of relativity. During the 20th century a lot of great things were happening in the world of physics and astronomy. In the 1930s there was experimentation with rockets, 1950s the space race with the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. In 1957 Sputnik was launched, that same year a dog was sent into space. 1961 a chimpanzee became an astronaut, that same year Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. 1969 the Apollo 11 astronauts land on the moon.
There are 20,600 people who are employed in this job. Since 1998, Astrophysics has been highly influenced by the number of retirements of faculty members. The jobs related to this career are most often found in the private sector, NASA, and the U.S. government. This section is a biography on a person in this career and what it’s like to be a astrophysicists. Stephen Hawing, 1959 entered Oxford University, which at the time was occupied by mainly upper class and male students. They had their own servants called scouts. Students who came from upper class families saw themselves as privileged and special. They didn’t mix well with other students like Hawking who came from the middle class. In 1962, Stephen Hawking entered Cambridge University. Cosmology appealed to Hawking more than elementary...