This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Influence Of Family Functioning On Eating Disorders

2849 words - 11 pages

The Influence of Family Functioning on Eating Disorders

Understanding the etiology of an eating disorder is perhaps the most complicated issue surrounding the disease, as teasing apart cause and consequence can be extremely difficult. This problem becomes immediately apparent when examining family factors associated with eating disorders. Research over the past decade has focused largely on identifying family factors that potentially contribute to the development of an eating disorder in an individual, and further refining these characteristics into prototypes for the “anorexic family” or the “bulimic family.” Identifying a pattern of specific family risk factors would be an extremely useful tool in recognizing those vulnerable for developing an eating disorder. While the research has been unable to paint an entirely complete picture of family characteristics, certain traits surface as typical to the eating disordered family. Unfortunately, much of the existing literature on family factors and eating disorders relies upon correlational data, as controlled studies are difficult to conduct within a family setting. Caution must therefore be applied to such findings, as one cannot assume causality; based on strictly correlational studies alone, it cannot be determined whether the family environment caused the eating disorder, or whether the eating disorder led to family dysfunction. Nevertheless, it remains useful to examine any significant factors that emerge from the literature in order to increase understanding about each potential factor influencing the development of eating disorders.

Although they both fall into the common continuum of eating disorders, anorexia nervosa (restricting subtype) and bulimia nervosa have symptoms that are quite distinct. Anorexia is characterized by symptoms that include a refusal to maintain a normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and body image disturbance. Conversely, bulimia is generally marked by the maintenance of a normal weight, engaging in recurrent episodes of binge eating that are often followed by purging or some other form of inappropriate compensatory behavior. These compensatory measures can include self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic use, or excessive exercise. Bulimics also tend place extreme importance on body shape and weight in self-evaluations (Walsh & Garner, 1997). Such differences in symptomology certainly warrant the prediction that, if indeed family influences play a role in the development of eating disorders, there will be discrepancies in family patterns among anorexics and bulimics. The literature indicates that this is, in fact, the case on measures of family climate, interaction, and characteristics. While it may be premature to claim the existence of an “anorexic family” or a “bulimic family,” there are some stable traits that consistently emerge, indicating a possibility of eventually identifying some specific...

Find Another Essay On The Influence of Family Functioning on Eating Disorders

Social Networking's Influence on Eating Disorders

982 words - 4 pages this disease can cause. The root cause of having an eating disorder is still undetermined, yet some doctors and physiologist believe the new focus on a perfect body, shown by the media is to blame. Society’s portrayal and promotion of a thin body image as the ideal female body contributes to eating disorders and poor self-esteem in many woman and young girls. Eating disorders are a group of illnesses characterized by abnormal eating habits. The

Social Media's Influence of Eating Disorders

686 words - 3 pages A major problem that has caused eating disorders in young women in the present day is the emergence of social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. As these sites continue to grow in popularity, the hashtags and picture updates of some people can cause negativity to another’s perception of their own image. While seeing how other women choose to live their life, it can have an effect on others viewing and using social media. Negative

The Contribution of Social, Cultural, and Family Environment to the Development of Eating Disorders

2135 words - 9 pages desire the thinner and taller female figure as the ideal body shape. Garner et al (1980) believed that social pressures do contribute to the onset of eating disorders especially to individuals such as dancers and models who are expected to be concerned by their appearance and are pressured into maintaining a certain image.Therefore it can be argued that society has a great influence on the development of eating disorders through the use of the media

Does the Media Influence the Development of Eating Disorders in adolescents?

1608 words - 6 pages media's influence on society. While there are a number of psychological and biochemical factors that play a role in the epidemic, the media contributes greatly to onset of eating disorders in young women by distorting their body image, glamorizing sports that require a trim physical appearance and the portrayal of success among thin women.Some General Information about eating disorders:Anorexia Nervosa is a disorder of self-starvation. It is an

Do Social Media Sites Influence Eating Disorders?

1337 words - 6 pages body’ is an idea created by the media, where they alter and dismantle women’s bodies to reflect what society thinks they should resemble. Research on eating disorders confirms that anorexia and bulimia are holding a prominent occurrence in our society (Currin, et al., 2005), which is why it is important to study social media sites and what about these that is leading to such an increase in diagnosis. The diagnosis of eating disorders has continued

Effects of Eating Disorders on the Body

652 words - 3 pages women struggle with an eating disorder and 90% of them are between the age of 12 and 25 (Monson). One reason as to why eating disorders are so popular is the media. We see celebrities on the cover of magazines, on T.V., or on the runway. We then compare ourselves to them. Another example is Michael Jeffries. When asked about why he refuses to make clothing for larger women Michael Jeffries, CEO of Abercrombie was blunt with his answer. Jeffries

The Development of Eating Disorders

1926 words - 8 pages . Doctors from France treated eating disorders from a more social and psychological standpoint. These doctors believed that eating disorders developed in comfortable homes with plenty of food and regular meal times. In these times, girls were expected to stay home after childhood so there was no need for an education. They did not have much of a social life and based their marriages on the ability to raise their family’s social status. Women did not

The Epidemic of Eating Disorders

1815 words - 7 pages have the disorder will continue to escalate. These disorders aren’t just something a few people have in fact, sixty-five percent of women in a survey in 2008 confirmed to have disordered eating (Zoltan). Society has put a view on family and social event to make them involve food (Zoltan). The health of women is being abused and harmed because they are either not eating or throwing up what they eat to remain thin. The increasing number of women

The Pressure of Eating Disorders

1253 words - 6 pages The Pressure of Eating Disorders With all of the pressures of daily life, some look to eating disorders to help ease the pain. In recent statistics on the webpage for the South Carolina Department of Mental Health states, “It is estimated that 8 million Americans have an eating disorder- seven million women and one million men.” Among the millions are actors Paula Abdul, Elton John, and Joan Rivers to name a few. (Eating Disorder Statistic

The Dangers of Eating Disorders

1022 words - 4 pages worth. Bibliography: References Salisbury, J.J., and Mitchell, J. E. (1991) American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 768-777. Study Group on Anorexia Nervosa. (1995) Journal of Eating Disorders ,17, 235-241. Rastem, M. and Gillberg, C. (1991) Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolscent Psychiatry,30, 238-239. Stober, M. (1991) Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,52,9-12. Sullican, P. S.(1995) American Journal of Psychiatry, 125,1073-1078.

The Face of Eating Disorders

2197 words - 9 pages Barbie Effect” 1). With the rise of eating disorders in young people, and the targeted age group of the doll’s sales, Barbie may not be the best role model for adolescents to play with. Just as Katie read in the brochure, anorexia nervosa is believed to be the most fatal mental disorder and is on the rise throughout the world. Eating disorders, and Barbie, need to come to an end to prevent further damage to the future generations. In 1965, the

Similar Essays

The Media?S Influence On Eating Disorders

2274 words - 9 pages ://health.discovery.com/centers/nutritionfitness/nwhrc/eatingdisorders/nwhrc_eatingdisorders.html>. Thompson, Kevin J., and Leslie J. Heinberg. ?The Media?s Influence on Body Image Disturbance and Eating Disorders: We?ve Reviled Them, Now Can We Rehabilitate Them?? Journal of Social Issues 55.2 (1999): 339-353. Valois, Robert F., Keith J. Zullig, E. Scott Huebner, and J. Wanzer Drane. ?Dieting Behaviors, Weight Perceptions, and Life Satisfaction Among Public High School Adolescents.? Eating Disorders 11.4 (2003): 271-288. Women?s Fashion. 17 Apr. 2005 <http:// fashion.about.com/cs/tipsadvice/a/allaboutfit.htm>.

The Media's Influence On Eating Disorders

1120 words - 4 pages The Media's Influence on Eating Disorders The National Eating Disorders Association states that eating disorders are conditions that arise from factors including physical, psychological, interpersonal, and social issues. Media images help define cultural definitions of beauty and attractiveness and are often acknowledged as one of the factors that contribute to the rise of eating disorders (NEDA). The National Eating Disorders

Media's Influence On Eating Disorders Essay

2061 words - 8 pages heavy influence of the media, many within society have come to regard these images the standard for the "ideal body type." It is this fascination with this body ideal that leads many to speculate and debate whether a true relationship exists between the current increase of eating disorders and the ultra-thin body image portrayed in the media. Many believe that the media's constant depiction of this "ultra-thin" body type is the most influential

Media Influence On Eating Disorders Essay

669 words - 3 pages A social issue that continues to cause concern for society is the problem of eating disorders. Eating disorders come in a variety of ways and they can have far reaching affects on the physical and mental well being of the sufferer. An Eating Disorder is defined as being any emotional disorder that manifests itself in an irrational craving for or avoidance of food. In North American there is widespread eating disorders that range from obesity to