What would the world be like without the knowledge of the solar system? No one would land on the moon and no research would go into the effects of the sun’s gravity on the earth. Also, what would happen if Galileo never studied the laws of moving objects or their mathematical effects? Many of the advanced technologies of today are contingent on this fact. Galileo Galilei was an astronomer, physicist and mathematician who was influential because of the complex discoveries that he made and the knowledge he bequeathed to the modern world. He was one of the key figures in providing information to the scientific revolution and was important during the Renaissance. Also, he contributed to physics, mathematics and astronomy because of the discoveries he proved through extensive experimenting. Many would consider this great man to be very important in the studies he pursued. This is why he is listed as number twelve in Michael Hart’s book The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History.
Galileo Galilei was influenced by the world he lived in and the time period in Italy during the 1500s. He was born on February 15th, 1564 in Pisa, Italy and lived during the Renaissance. In the book Galileo Galilei and the Science of Motion it says that “by the time of Galileo's birth…Tuscany was controlled by the powerful Medici family, who had risen to power with wealth accumulated in banking and trade” (Boerst 14). During this time period, many of the artists and musicians were transitioning into more secular centered themes and works. Yet even with new secular themes, the Copernican theory was still not accepted by the church. It was a doctrine that “had been deemed heretical in 1616” (Peter). This meant that the central church wanted to control the information that was available to people but later lost some of its power.
Additionally, Galileo was influenced to be a mathematician and physicist by a school teacher and the respected mathematician Archimedes. Diverging from his dad’s original plan for him, Galileo delved into a different field of study when a man named Ostilio Ricci introduced him to mathematics. This man Ricci “ not only taught the boy[Galileo] mathematics, [but] he introduced him to the idea that quantification--measurement--should be used along with observation and logic as the preferred method of verifying scientific discoveries” (Boerst 17). Young Galileo learned from Ricci to experiment and always validate theories before accepting them to be true. Likewise, Galileo was influenced by the famous Archimedes, which “soon became Galileo's guide for incorporating mathematics into science” (Boerst 18). Galileo looked at how he had come up with his laws and revisited one his most famous experiments. Archimedes and the teacher Ricci definitely influenced Galileo’s views and future focuses.
During Galileo’s lifetime, the prevalent contributions that he made in science and math and his major discoveries and inventions impacted the world in...