This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Influence Of Islamic Mathematicians Essay

1708 words - 7 pages

It’s hard to believe that a civilization consisting of once illiterate nomadic warriors could have a profound impact on the field of mathematics. Yet, many scholars credit the Arabs with preserving much of ancient wisdom. After conquering much of Eastern Europe and Northern Africa the Islamic based Abbasid Empire transitioned away from military conquest into intellectual enlightenment. Florian Cajori speaks of this transition in A History of Mathematics. He states, “Astounding as was the grand march of conquest by the Arabs, still more so was the ease hit which they put aside their former nomadic life adopted a higher civilization, and assumed the sovereignty over cultivated peoples” (Cajori ...view middle of the document...

In addition, they made significant contributions to both geometry and algebra crucial to mathematics today.
In the early 7th century, the civilization that would later become the forerunner in mathematical thought consisted of numerous warrior tribes who, for the most part, were unable to read or write. Motivated by religious enthusiasm, the tribes conquered Syria, Mesopotamia, Persia, as well as parts of India and Northern Africa (Boyer 225). Boyer describes this society by saying, “The first century of the Muslim empire had been devoid of intellectual interest, and they had little culture”(Boyer 226). Because of this deficit in culture, the Islamic empire was forced to adopt the cultures of neighboring civilizations. Boyer makes an interesting observation on the tendency of the culture of captive lands to permeate that of its captors. He states “We see a repetition of the situation when Rome conquered Greece, of which it was said that, in a cultural sense, captive Greece took captive the captor Rome” (Boyer 226). From this quote it can be seen that Abbasid culture was molded by the civilizations it came in contact with in the same way Roman culture was molded by the Greeks. Cajori, speaks of the importance of geography on the intellectual success of the Abbasid Empire by saying, “The capital, Bagdad situated on the Euphrates, lay half-way between two old centres of scientific thought, India in the East, and Greece in the West” (Cajori 99). These two civilizations had a profound impact on the growth culture within Islamic society.
The Abbasid Empire did not just acquire knowledge from older civilizations, however. An important effect of its quest for knowledge was preservation. Boyer claims “Had it not been for the sudden cultural awakening in Islam during the second half of the eighth century, considerably more of ancient science and mathematics would have been lost” (Boyer 227). As the Abbasid Empire emerged as a cultural center, the rest of Europe and Asia was declining. According to Cajori, “The Arabs were destined to be the custodians of the torch of Greek Science, to keep it ablaze during the period of confusion and chaos in the Occident, and afterwards pass it over to the Europeans. This remark applies in part also to Hindu science” (Cajori 99). The Muslim House of Wisdom at Baghdad played a large role in the preservation of older works. In addition to housing the translated works, it attracted mathematicians and scientists from all over the world. Most notably amongst the faculty of the Muslim House of Wisdom was Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, a Persian mathematician, known as the father of algebra. Al-Khwarizmi used a unique style of Hindu-Grecian geometry to write his exhaustive book on quadratic proofs called, Hisab al-jabr w’al-muqabala. The term al-jabr is the origin for the word algebra. Al-Khwarzmi also wrote on the Hindu numerals in, The Hindu Art of Reckoning. He did not however, combine these two ideas....

Find Another Essay On The Influence of Islamic Mathematicians

Assess the extent and impact of Muhammad's influence on the society at the time, and his role as the founder of the Islamic Faith

1356 words - 5 pages . Each of the tribes of the Arab world all had a similar religious system at the time, one of a pagan system, with a strong belief in Polytheism and Animatism . All these social systems were going to be changed over time and be replaced with a more accepting and less conflicted Islamic society, but the transformation was going to be an interesting one - one that would detail and display the influence of Muhammad.Muhammad's story isn't well

The Evolution of the Islamic Legal System

752 words - 4 pages EVOLUTION OF LEGAL SYSTEM ACROSS THE WORLD : ISLAMIC LEGAL SYSTEM The development of law was started before history was recorded with laws advanced one by one as question were setteled actually, the improvement of standards in the public area originated before both courts and the composed law for many years, standards and practice legitimate frame work alone requested human excercises the force of standard law is found in the way that it is

The Achivements of The Islamic Civilization

2726 words - 11 pages The Achievements of The Islamic Civilization Islam, one of the most successful religions was started by Muhammad in Arabia and had a massive impact on the world. If it weren't for Islam the world would have been a very different place to live in. Muslims didn't always invent things; sometimes they improved on other people's inventions e.g. the number system, the astrolabe and much more. The first Muslims were Arabs and

The Young World of Islamic Finance

3660 words - 15 pages The world of Islamic Finance is still young and it was begins only a few decades ago. Although it is new, the Islamic Finance is rapidly develop and continues to expand to serve a growing population of Muslim. Many have been able to accept the Islamic financial system and even admiration of Islamic finance is increasing due to the uniqueness found in the Islamic financial system. The definition of Islamic finance is the system in finance that

The History of Islamic Political Ideas

657 words - 3 pages Ghazali will be complete without analyzing the condition of Muslim world at that time. Firstly the caliphate of Abbasid was in state of lost all its political influence in the era of century before Abbasid caliphate were puppets in the hands of Shi’ite Buwayhids and in the era of Al-Ghazali the Seljuk sultans (Sunni) honored a great respect to caliphate state. Seljuk sultans were real master of eastern Islamic region

The History and Development of Islamic Finance

1956 words - 8 pages INTRODUCTION Defination of Islamic Finance Islamic finance means is the provision of financial instrument and services that follow the principle and rules of Islamic commercial jurisprudence, a branch of Islamic shariah jurisprudence. It also can be defined as a complete system that prescribes specific patterns of social and economic behaviour for all individual.The main principle of Islamic finance is its adherence to interest or riba

Lasting Effects of the Islamic Revolution

1992 words - 8 pages Lasting Effects of the Islamic Revolution of 1979 A) Plan of the investigation What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the country of Iran and it’s international relations? This is a very broad question so it much be asked and answered for many different levels of society. Looked at this way this question is actually collection of questions. What effect did the Islamic revolution have on the wealthy within the country? What effect did

The Advantages of Islamic Finance and Banking

1410 words - 6 pages As the world has recently passed through the global financial crisis that begun in 2008 in the USA with the banks’ collapsing, analysts are giving different opinions and making new economic hypothesizes about the origin of, as well as the process of different countries escaped from the crisis. Among all these new “theories”, the case of Islamic banks is interesting in terms of its nature and consequences. In my essay, I will try to highlight

The Importance of Autonomy in Islamic Empires

2002 words - 9 pages , Charlemagne, converted. Thus its governing institutions were established before, and apart from religious influence. In the Islamic empires however, the governing institutions were built around the Koran making the two inseparable and giving the central government an enormous amount of power as it represented the head of Islam. Under the Ottoman Empire, the entire judicial system was based on the Koran, known as shari’ah law. The religious ruler, known

The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran

1563 words - 6 pages The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran Over the course of the last century, the Islamic Republic of Iran (formerly known as Persia) has seen colonialism, the end of a dynasty, the installation of a government by a foreign power, and just over three decades ago, the popular uprising and a cleric-led revolution. These events preceded what could be considered the world’s first Islamic state, as politics and fundamentalist religion are

Islamic Roots of the Millet System

1753 words - 8 pages Even though this might seem paradoxal to those most keen stereotypes of the contemporary popular image of Islam as hermetic and sectarian, the pattern of drawing people together while protecting the individuals’ freedom of beliefs is part of the anthropological DNA of the religion. Within its a context of emergence and expansion and with regard to the inner endless subdivisions of the Islamic faith, the principle of pluralism was naturally

Similar Essays

Mathematicians Of The Great Awakening Essay

919 words - 4 pages The 1700’s was home to one of the most crucial time periods in American history, The Great Awakening. This was also a very important time of development for mathematics. One of the mathematicians who had the greatest influence during this time was Gabriel Cramer, best known for his treatise on algebraic curves, published in 1750. Some of the others include Count Fagnano and .Antoine Parent. Ultimately, all three of these mathematicians somewhat

The Important Role Of Mathematicians In Society

1626 words - 7 pages The Important Role of Mathematicians in Society Thesis Statement This report will focus on the professional field of mathematicians. It will highlight some of the history, responsibilities, opportunities, and requirements of this occupation. Outline I.     Introduction A.     A condensed history of mathematics B.     Famous mathematicians and their accomplishments II

The Influence And Role Of The Islamic Tradition In Turkey

2574 words - 10 pages their empire.? They revived the Islamic title of caliph and based the legitimacy of their rule in Islam.? Religion was integrated into every aspect of life.? Although the religious leaders did not have official titles, they maintained a strong influence over the political rulings of the empire.? They used the Shariah ? Islamic law ? and Islamic courts to rule their empire.? They also allowed non-Muslims to be self-governing groups known as

Currencies Of The Islamic Era Essay

861 words - 4 pages Mohammad peace be upon him preferred to use the currencies of the Byzantines and the Persians, and that was very wise on his part because the Islamic nation at that time was not strong enough yet to use a currency not linked to the neighboring nations, Muslims and Arabs used to deal with money on the bases of weight, the tribe of Quraish for example used to weigh silver on a scale called Dirham, and weigh gold on a scale called Dinar.The first