The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change. The culture of both of these eras was greatly shaped by the studies of humanism and theology.
The transformation of cultural studies from theology to philology greatly impacted art and is shown through many paintings from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. During the Renaissance, there was a big focus change from religious figures to the human life (Class Notes). This is shown through many paintings, like the Crucifixion of St Peter by Michelangelo. This picture depicts St. Peter being nailed to a cross while people look on (Class Notes). This painting does have a religious figure, however the focus is spread out through the people. When looking at the painting, your eye is drawn to many parts, not just one. This shows the change from Christianity to humanism (Class Notes). Theology, the study of god, was the major interest of the Middle Ages. Many paintings depict Mary and baby Jesus surrounded by angels (WorldBook). These paintings show the amount of dedication the people gave to religious figures. This shows the change from the worship of the religious figures to the study of people. The paintings from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance show the focus shift to humanism and humanity.
During the Renaissance the depiction of emotion showed the newfound interest in the study of human body and behavior. Humanism, the study of people, was the major interest of the Renaissance, many paintings are of people either as portraits or depicted in a day-to-day setting (Hankins). These painting show lots of emotion and less statue-like personas. This is shown through mainly paintings, the most well known one would be the Mona Lisa. This painting just depicts an ordinary woman with a faint smile on her face. The focus is just on her, which shows the impact of humanism. Paintings during the Middle Ages showed little or no emotion and the poses of the people were very statue like. During the Renaissance the paintings were all about showing emotion and depth through paintings (Hankins). The paintings were used as time capsules to capture the essence of the Renaissance time period and show future generations their way of life. These paintings show the change from the worship of God to the study of people.
During the Middle Ages the paintings depicted religious figures like Mary and Jesus, while during the Renaissance, paintings depicted ordinary people. This shows the change and...