The First World War Was Important As A Locomotive For Domestic Change

1658 words - 7 pages

The First World War Was Important as a Locomotive for Domestic Change

The First World War introduced a lot of large welfare reform,
including the war pension, but welfare reforms had started before the
beginning of the First World War, and continued after it. In that
sense, the First World War can be seen as a catalyst (or locomotive,
if you will) for welfare reform, as it sped up the changes.

Trade Unions had been active before the First World War, with the boom
before the war helping trade unions to negotiate better terms and
conditions, as can be seen in the Miners Strike of 1910.

Trade Unions really started to get strong and militant with the
formation of the Triple Alliance, when the miners, transport workers,
and railway men joined together to become a hugely powerful force.

Around the time when the Labour party was formed in 1906, the Liberal
Democrats introduced several new welfare acts including the Children's
Act and the Education Act. These acts were designed to keep the nation
healthy and educated, as it was seen by both the Liberals and the
Labour party that these were two major elements the youth of Britain
was lacking, and it would be those people that may be relied upon
later. The first state pensions were introduced in 1909 with the Old
Age Pensions Act, and the Workmen's Compensation Act enabled workers
to claim for injury or illness. These are all examples of the
government finally beginning to look after the working classes.

This shows that Trade Unions were becoming militant and powerful
before the war, and the government were already introducing welfare
reforms, and that the war did not start, but merely increased these
factors.

The Defence of the Realm act of 1914 gave the government control by
nationalising the main industries, such as the coal industry. This
shows a change from the Liberal's traditional laissez faire approach.
This act was also intended to help improve the health of the nation,
by making it illegal to sell cigarettes to under 14's and illegal to
let them enter a pub, restricting pub-opening hours, and introducing
licensing laws. This shows the war acting as a catalyst for change, as
it was because of the war that the government were so desperate to try
to improve the health of the nation, so that the country would have
stronger soldiers. Another example of government intervention, moving
away from the laissez faire approach was the Rent and Mortgage
Interest Act 1915, where landlords' rents were restricted. The "Homes
fit for Heroes" plan also demonstrates government intervention, when
the government promised to (but never quite did) build 500 000 homes
for the soldiers to come home to. Unemployment insurance became
compulsory for the majority of jobs in 1916.

In 1918, following on from its health policies seen in the Defence...

Find Another Essay On The First World War Was Important as a Locomotive for Domestic Change

Was nationalistic fervour ultimately responsible for the outbreak of the First World War?

1058 words - 4 pages Was nationalistic fervour ultimately responsible for the outbreak of the First World War? Can nationalism be held solely responsible for starting what is usually regarded as the most destructive war, at least in terms of human lives, the world had ever seen? The answer to this question is a qualified no. Though nationalism played an important role in the outbreak of the war there are many other contributing factors which must be taken into

To What Extent Was Germany Responsible for the First World War?

2175 words - 9 pages The First World War was not caused singularly by Germany and Austria-Hungary as the treaty of Versailles has set out. Germany is greatly responsible for much of the tension of the world situation in 1914, resulting from its aggressive policy of Weltpolitik, its attempts to have a superior navy, the Kaiser's personal poorly said remarks, and its attempts to break up the Triple Entente. However Germany was not solely responsible for the tension

The Russian revolution was a direct result of the first world war.

880 words - 4 pages his own people the Tsar through the use of the media created an anti German sentiment. One of the most well known devices used to create this reaction was the changing of St. Petersburg to Petrograd. This name change signalled Russia's intent and also stirred nationalism among all people from all classes. As the war progressed Nicholas II left Petrograd and went to coordinate Russia's military tactics himself so he left for the battlefront

"The First World War was the first modern war" discuss and evaluate this statement

1304 words - 5 pages as "a 20th century war fought with 19th century tactics". It was the first "world" war in the true sense of the word, involving the whole of Europe and even, towards its end, the United States of America."Modern" it became indeed when one considers the new, deadlier weapons that were developed just before and during this war: Tanks, airplanes, machine guns, chemical weapons are the most widely known by the general public.However, "old fashioned

The First World War

7479 words - 30 pages complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences.The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had

The First World War

1294 words - 5 pages The First World War The First World War began as a spark and exploded into a merciless blood bath of money, power, and land. The little spark began in the mountainous Balkans of southeastern Europe where small state-sized nations argued back and forth. For hundreds of years many of these small nations were held under the gripping powers of Turkey, Russia, and Austria-Hungary. It started in the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo. Bosnia was also

The First World War

1220 words - 5 pages The First World War c) The Following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: new technology like the tank the American entry into the war the blockading of German ports the German offensive in March 1918 Explain how far you agree with this statement. All of the reasons suggested above do play a part in why the stalemate on the Western Front was

The First Morrocan Crisis as part of The Origins of World War One. --- " Examine an influential force in an important historical event"

984 words - 4 pages solving the problem in Morocco. So it is therefore clear that French nationalistic ambitions for expanding her empire was a contributing factor in the First Moroccan Crisis.The French ambitions in Morocco, and the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese war in February 1904 led to Britain resolving her differences with France, her traditional enemy, which led to the signing of the Entente Cordiale in April 1904. This was not a military alliance, Britain had no

ATTITUDES TOWARDS WOMEN AND THEIR RIGHT TO VOTE HAD CHANGED BY 1918. HOW IMPORTANT WAS WW1 IN BRINGING ABOUT THIS CHANGE?

1910 words - 8 pages reason for denying women equality, but did not want competition in the workplace and liked the situation of women staying at home and caring for the home and for the family. So to the question, 'How important was WW1 in bringing about the change to women's rights?' WW1 transformed women forever because it was the first time that they had important jobs and were regarded as nearly as equal to men. They were in the front line. This was seen as a

The Reasons for the Start of the First World War

2366 words - 9 pages would also have to, after all they did swear to protect them when alliances were signed with one another. The July crisis of 1914 was simply ‘mismanaged ‘, but not to the point where it would have been the main reason for a war to outbreak. But other historians such as Remak contradict this opinion. To be able to distinguish how and why long-term rivalries contributed to the causes of World War 1 we have to look at each

Who do you blame for the First World War?

788 words - 3 pages Like Henry A. Kissinger once said about war, "No country can act wisely simultaneously in every part of the globe at every moment of time." In 1914 it was Germany who didn't act wisely. I make Germany responsible for the First World War, because they started the ally system by signing the Triple Alliance in 1882. They caused the Agadir crisis. Shortly explained, the crisis was a disagreement between Germany and France which ended with Britain

Similar Essays

'the First World War Was The Most Important Cause Of The Russian Revolution'. How True Is This Claim?

1562 words - 6 pages disasters, scandals, and political failures during the first half of 1905, Russia suffered a humiliating military defeat against Japan. The war was a major economic fiasco. Influenced by this embarrassing situation, the tsar reluctantly gave in to heavy political pressure and granted Russia its first constitution. Permission to form a parliament, called the Duma, was also soon granted.Ironically, Duma became a 'thorn in Nicholas' side', as

Is Penicillin As Important Today As When It Was First Discovered?

1278 words - 5 pages Alexander Fleming will go down in history as one of the most significant steps forward in the world of medicine in this or in any other time. Perhaps penicillin has been, and continues to be responsible for saving the lives of more people on earth than any other medical discovery in history. The world will forever honor the name of Alexander Fleming.Is Penicillin as important today as when it was first discovered? Yes. Without penicillin today we would

Was Nationalism The Most Important Force Of Change In Europe Up To 1870? Justify Your Answer.

1364 words - 5 pages nationalism. The Italian unification and the Germany unification may have very well been carried out for the sake of the leading states Piedmont - Sardinia and Prussia, and expansion of the two states, rather than a genuine desire to form a nation with the people of the same race culture and religion. Nationalism was indeed one of the most important forces of change in Europe when referring to changes made to the map. If we define change as anything

"Why Was Unity Such An Important Issue At The Time The Play Was Written? Does Your Reading Of The First Act Of The Play Leave You With An Impression Of Unity?"

545 words - 2 pages In the first act of the play, we start in an antechamber in King Henry's palace. The bishop's are discussing the change in Henry's character from a wild man to a model king. Canterbury hopes to persuade Henry against the new law by giving him Church money and supporting England's claim to France. Unity was an important issue at the time this play was written because of the battles being fought. Strength in numbers was one of the most important