Sfumato and chiaroscuro might sound like a pasta dish from Italy, but instead they are two totally different Italian styles of painting techniques that legendary painters like Leonardo Da Vinche and Rembrandt Harmenszoon Van Rijn practiced and mastered. Sfumato is the delicate shading that was used to hide the sharp edges also meaning through smoke. Leonardo da Vinci used the technique in painting the Mona Lisa. The masterpiece has been acclaimed as the most famous work of art in the world.
The painting is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, Leonardo’s friend’s wife. Mona came from the Italian word that meant mam hence The Mona Lisa. It is painted in oil and, is believed to have ...view middle of the document...
Additionally, paintings that were commissioned to Verrocchio often were worked on by the young apprentices. Da Vinci was a better artist in the workshop then other painters there at the time including his teacher. (Clark) Leonardo collaborated with Verrocchio on his The Baptism of Christ, which was a piece that showed the young angel holding on to Jesus' robe. Leonardo’s angel to the left was so far superior then Verrocchio’s piece that he never painted again. The painting shows the Baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist as told in the Bible in the Gospels by Matthew, Mark and Luke. (Vasari)
By the age of 20, he was a master artist and his father helped him establish a workshop where he would continue collaborating with Verrocchio. One of Leonardo's earliest known dated works during this period was a drawing in ink of the Arno valley, the Tuscan region of Italy, dated August 5, 1473.
In 1480 Leonardo lived with the ruler of the Republic of Florence known as the Lorenzo de Medici. Leonardo would work in the Garden of the Piazza which was an academy of artists, poets and philosophers. During this time Leonardo worked on the altar of the Chapel of St. Bernard and, the painting, The Adoration of the Magi. Neither pieces was completed which was common to many of his works. (Bortolon)
In 1482 Medici sent Leonardo to Milan where he would present the Duke of Milan with a silver guitar like instrument made in the shape of a horse's head created by Leonardo himself. Medici intended for Leonardo to secure peace with the Duke. At this time Leonardo took the opportunity to write a letter to the Duke describing his many talents in the field of engineering and artistry. Leonardo presented himself so well that he was hired and worked in Milan from 1482 until 1499. During this time he was contracted to paint the Virgin of the Rocks and The Last Supper. In 1485 Leonardo travelled to Hungary on behalf of the Duke to meet Matthias Corvinus and it is believed that Leonardo may have painted The Holy Family for him. Leonardo was employed on many different projects for the Duke, including floats, pageants for special occasions, designs for a dome for Milan Cathedral and a clay model for a huge equestrian monument for the Duke’s predecessor but it never got casted into bronze (Clark)I
In 1499 the French troops toppled the Duke of Italy and Leonardo fled Milan to go to Venice where he was employed by the military developing methods to defend the city from attack. When he returned to Florence in 1500 he lived with monks at a monastery were he ran a workshop and during this time he created The Virgin and Child with St. Anne and St. John the Baptist. This was a very popular piece at that time. (Vasari)
In 1502 Leonardo was employed by the Duke of Valentinios known as Cesare Borgia as a military architect and engineer. Maps were unknown at the time so when Cesare seen Leonardo’s brilliant map drawings, he hired Leonardo as his chief military engineer and architect. Later in...