The Cases Of Two English Monarchs Who Broke With Convention By Selecting Spouses For Reasons Of The Heart, Rather Than Political Convenience.

2205 words - 9 pages

SHOULD THE MONARCH OR HEIR to throne marry for love? `Of course' is the answer most people in Britain would give today, but history suggests otherwise. It is not just that the 1689 Bill of Rights and the 1701 Act of Settlement rule out marriage with a Roman Catholic. Monarchs and heirs to the throne have never had the freedom of choice which their subjects enjoy.Since the Norman Conquest (setting aside the present Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles), the only two English or British monarchs to have personally chosen wives are Edward IV (r. 1461-83) and his grandson, Henry VIII (r. 1509-47). Heirs presumptive have succeeded when already married, but for monarchs, arranged marriage has been the rule and so too for heirs apparent, (Edward the Black Prince was the only exception). In recent centuries some attention has been paid to individual preference. Queen Victoria was allowed the pretence that Albert had freely chosen her. Yet the underlying assumption has always been that reasons of state should determine royal marriages and that monarchs would, if necessary, satisfy their emotional needs elsewhere.Three basic principles have governed the choice of a royal consort. First, international prestige demanded that the ruler marry someone of suitable status; second, a royal marriage was a valuable diplomatic asset not to be wasted; third, a spouse should be a foreigner, since to marry within a realm was to risk disturbing the balance of internal politics. Edward and Henry, however, defied this conventional wisdom, chose Englishwomen known to them and aborted diplomatic negotiations in progress to find wives abroad.The story of Edward IV's marriage is that in 1464 the twenty-four-year-old king stopped at Stony Stratford on a march north to counter Lancastrian threats. Very early on May Day he slipped away to the manor of Grafton, five miles away and there in secrecy married Elizabeth Grey, nee Woodville, the beautiful but impoverished widow of a knight killed fighting against the Yorkists three years earlier. Edward consummated the marriage immediately and then returned to his entourage. Then, before continuing northwards, he took up residence at Grafton for three days during which time Elizabeth was brought to him secretly each night. Edward kept his horrendous mesalliance secret for five months, allowing the Earl of Warwick to continue discussions about a possible royal bride from France.Henry VIII's marriage to his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, was made in the cause of diplomacy and when it broke down Cardinal Wolsey proposed a French bride. Instead, behind the Cardinal's back, the King committed himself to Anne Boleyn who had been a lady at court for the previous six years. Eight years later Anne was replaced by Jane Seymour, another court lady, and although Henry's marriage to her successor, Anne of Cleves, was a reversion to a diplomatic wife, wives five and six, Katherine Howard and Katherine Parr, were also the King's personal selection from...

Find Another Essay On the cases of two English monarchs who broke with convention by selecting spouses for reasons of the heart, rather than political convenience.

Discuss the reasons for the global distribution of heart disease.

1113 words - 4 pages bus or using a car rather than walking or cycling to where we want to get to. With increasing obesity we are also getting an increase of coronary heart disease.The distribution across the United Kingdom varies. For example, the people in the UK most likely to get coronary heart disease are those in the north west of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Manual workers are at a higher risk than those who have desk jobs are. South Asians in the UK

The Convenience of Credit Cards Essay

911 words - 4 pages Credit cards can be invaluable tools for college students. Using a credit card is more convenient than cash, and may help a young adult build credit that will be useful throughout his adult life. However, before a student applies for a credit card, he needs to know how credit works and the consequences associated with the misuse of a credit card. Credit can be very helpful, but may also be dangerous if one does not use it properly. Many

arguments for spending more of the American budget on Education rather than Welfare

579 words - 2 pages workers.Monsanto has hired five recipient and found almost twentymore jobs for others.Under the new laws of the welfare reforms, the ablebody workers should work within the two years of recievingbenefits. Some of the good things out of this plan is thatby the year 2005, only 14% of jobs will be done by more ofthe dependent poor people. This is bad because 46% of aidrecipients had not completed high school or earned a GeneralEquivalency Diploma. The

The role of the English monarchs in the English Reformation in the 15th and 16th centuries.

2194 words - 9 pages , theologians had debated him, urging him to reject Protestantism. At the age of 67, Cranmer was tired. He longed for a peaceful life and wanted to avoid his punishment, which was to be death by fire. Thus, he signed a paper recanting his Protestant beliefs.Traditionally, someone who recanted would have their execution stayed and would be released. However, this would not be so with Thomas Cranmer. On the 21 of March, 1556, he attended the sermon

Consider the arguments both for and against the contention that gender is a product of nurture rather than nature

2014 words - 8 pages Consider the arguments both for and against the contention that gender is a product of nurture rather than natureSociologists use the term sex when referring to biological differences between male and female bodies whereas gender is used to explain the social construction of masculinity and femininity. The distinction between sex and gender is important as many differences between males and females are not just biological. The predominant

The Convention of Justice

972 words - 4 pages “The Convention of Justice” Around 400 BCE, a famous Greek philosopher by the name of Plato constructed two characters in the books “Gorgias” and “The Republic,” that castigated the virtue of justice, and that boosted the conventional morality as a self fulfilling vice. Callicles and Thrasymachus are characters that Plato chalked into his works to represent the common convention of justice in the realm of philosopher thinkers. Being the

Report on the The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships.

1283 words - 5 pages The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by ShipsThe International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. It is a combination of two treaties adopted in 1973 and 1978 respectively and updated by amendments through the years.Oil pollution of the seas was recognized as a

More than Just a Pretty Face, and with the Heart and Stomach of a King

2434 words - 10 pages run a country. Elizabeth proves them wrong by taking England’s poor economy and turning it into one of the most financially prosperous nations in the world. One of the main reasons she is successful in this is by knighting Francis Drake, who was known from his raids against Spanish ports and ships. This in pour of Spanish gold helps the English economy immensely. Elizabeth, even though she declares England a Protestant State, Catholics were

The Effectiveness of the French Monarchs in Dealing with Religious Issues

1410 words - 6 pages their beliefs - they wanted France before Rome. There was never a spiritual challenge to the power of the pope but his political power was always being challenged and avoided in France. The clash had started as early as 1438 with Charles VII and eventually ended with the Concordat of Bologna under Francis I. At the start of the 16th Century the Roman Catholic Church was very powerful in Western Europe. Anyone who was

Vietnam was the result of American alliance for future security insurance rather than a response to the threat of communism from the North.

4816 words - 19 pages responded to our request for military assistance by demanding Australian troops in Burma, despite Australian's own regional and national security being in jeopardy. Newly elected Labor Prime Minister John Curtin broke our conventional ties and revealed our new alliance in his New Year's message of 1941. "Australia looks to America, free from any pangs to our traditional links or kinship with the United Kingdom." (Haugen, 2002) This advantaged

The process of recruiting and selecting employees

979 words - 4 pages Successful managers know that an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure when it comes to dealing with employee problems. The risk of hiring a bad employee can be minimized with a sound recruitment and selection process. Recruiting and selecting the right employee for a position is important for the long-term benefit of our business. The process of recruiting and selecting employees can be divided into five main steps which are

Similar Essays

"Those Who Are Inspired By An Idealism Rather Than Self Interest Make The Biggest Impact On History." To What Extent Does The Study Of Leon Trotsky Support This View?

1184 words - 5 pages Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Leon Trotsky) has made a major impact on history. Trotsky, influenced by the ideals and beliefs of Karl Marx and socialism, helped a number of revolutions in Russia that would prove to be critical in Russia's political, economical and social development. Over the span of his life, Trotsky would prove to be inspired to succeed by his idealism for international communism rather than a vision of himself being leader of the

"The Difference Between Medieval And Early Modern Is One Of Degree Rather Than Strict Demarcation." Discuss This Idea In The Context Of Any Two Writers You Have Read.(Everyman And Dr Faustus)

2428 words - 10 pages Franciscan friar, as Faustus comments "That holy shape becomes a devil best," illustrating an air of contempt for the Catholic clergy. He further associates Catholicism with evil and devilry as he conjures Mephostophilis by chanting in Latin, the language of the Catholic Church. This mockery of Catholicism may be testament to contemporary social attitudes rather than the personal view of Marlowe himself. In the medieval era, it was highly uncommon for

Why Do We Have Two Eyes Rather Than One?

2409 words - 10 pages that are responsible for focusing the eye lens or those that control the position of the eyes (Blake & Sekuler, 2006). On the other hand, the visual cues to depth include binocular cues (two eyes) and monocular cues (one eye). The function of oculomotor cues to depth is quite different from the one performed by visual cues in that the former are the only cues that supply the information required to make accurate judgments about absolute distance

The Inconvenience Of Convenience Essay

970 words - 4 pages point where you know the machine better than theperson you're desperately trying to get a hold of!Moving away from the house, we encounter the car. The carcreates so many hassles all by itself. The convenience of owning your ownpersonal mode of transportation is far ( really far ) from cheap. The duty andobligation associated with the freedom ( or restriction ) of the ability to drivecreates conflicts. Then there is the daily occurrence of