The Intelligence And National Security Architecture Of The Republic Of Korea

3229 words - 13 pages

This essay will detail the intelligence and national security architecture of the Republic of Korea (ROK - South Korea). It will discuss how the current structures were developed and the effectiveness the ROK services and agencies, and thirdly it will look at key events that have led to reforms and restructuring of the system, and if those changes have produced better outcomes.
In 1905 Korea became a protectorate of Imperial Japan following the Russo-Japanese war and in 1910 Japan annexed Korea as a colony. After the Japanese surrender to United States and allied forces in 1945 following the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Korea regained its independence from Japan, establishing a Republic of Korea (ROK) in the southern half of the peninsula. In the northern part a Communist government was established as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
From 1950 to 1953 the north invaded the south with the backing of communist China and the Soviet Union. Fighting was intense and casualties were heavy on all sides until an armistice was signed in 1953 and an end to hostilities was called. The armistice split the peninsula once again into north and south along a demilitarized zone located roughly at the 38th parallel.
The two countries contrasted greatly in development from this point forward with the south achieving rapid economic growth with a per capita income reaching roughly 14 times that of the north. The DPRK remains a military dictatorship to this day under KIM Jong IL the Second whilst the ROK is truly a modern democratic society with civilian leadership.
The intelligence and national security architecture of the Republic of Korea has undergone many changes since the signing of the armistice in 1953 and has faced many challenges along the way, especially from its northern neighbor. Even to this day the intelligence and security apparatus of the DPRK remains highly active and hostile with a record of bloody violence, terrorism and political assassinations against the south. This has fostered an environment in which the south has had to learn lessons and adapt quickly to survive.
Security and intelligence capabilities of the ROK consist of both civilian and military services. Agencies that come under the military command structure of the over-arching Ministry of National Security include the Coast Guard (including the former Civilian Marine Police Force), Defense Security Command (DSC) with its several subsidiary agencies, and the Homeland Defence Forces (Regional Combat Forces).
Civilian services include the Korean National Police agency (KNP), the ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (formerly known as the Ministry of the Interior) and the National Intelligence Service (NIS), (formerly the National Information Agency (NIA), formerly the Agency for National Security Planning (ANSP), formerly the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). Also included in the civilian services is the Presidential Security Service.

Find Another Essay On The Intelligence and National Security Architecture of the Republic of Korea

How can Republic of Korea foreign policy towards Japan and China affect the United States in the region?

1317 words - 6 pages end, they agree that North Korea – although a major security threat – can be deterred from erratic behavior. Chinese President Xi Jinping meets South Korean President Park Geun-hye at the beginning of her four-day visit to China in 2013. Additionally, South Korea has drastically reduces its own military spending while working to enhance its military exchanges and defense cooperation with China in respect to North Korea. In 2008, the

The Analysis of Security Sector Reforms in North and South Korea

1166 words - 5 pages seemingly need outside security help, or a really big referee. Due to lack of Security Sector Reforms in both South and North Korea there are disputes between the two countries that must be addressed. North Korea (or also known as Democratic People’s Republic of Korea) is like a baby with a lollipop thinking he owns the world, but in actuality just needs a diaper change. North Korea is small and economically challenge and have been a thorn in many

Food Security in the Democratic Republic of Congo

980 words - 4 pages Script for Geography Good morning/afternoon Today I will talk about food security in the Democratic Republic of Congo. DR Congo is an African country that consists of over 2,300,000 square kilometres (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The population in DR Congo is around seventy-five and a half million people with an average life expectancy of 56 years, a lot shorter than Australians (Central Intelligence Agency (US), 2013). The

The History and Transformation of Korea

2176 words - 9 pages Korea has undergone many conflicts that brought political and social upheavals which greatly affected their quest towards modernization and unification. During the mid-7th centuries when Korea is just starting to shape its own national identity, there is already a series of events that caused several changes in the livelihood of the early settlers of the Korean peninsula. These events including the wars between the three kingdoms Goguryeo

The History and Culture of Korea

3110 words - 13 pages until 1910, Koreans lived under a dynastic system. In 1945, the peninsula divided, leading to the subsequent establishment of two different political regimes by 1948. This division resulted in The People’s Democratic Republic of Korea forming in the north, and the establishment of The Republic of Korea in the south. Since then, South Korea has gone from an autocratic government to a democratic state, amending its constitution nine times

The Effectiveness of the National Security Association (NSA)

2052 words - 8 pages The Effectiveness of the National Security Association (NSA) American citizens are entitled to own freedom, which says that the citizens can act, behave, and do whatever we want without worrying about someone watching our every move. Ayn Rand once said, “Civilization is the progress toward a society of privacy. The savage’s whole existence is public, ruled by laws of his tribe. Civilization is the progress of setting a man free from men.” The

The Demands Of National Security Vs. Individual Rights

716 words - 3 pages against loss, attack, or harm to the citizens.Ought to supersede means that there is a duty or obligation to take the place or position of something.Conflicting means not able to be followed or acted on, because each requires different and incompatible actions.Claims of individual rights are demands for entitlements, freedoms, or privileges a person has.Before I begin, I have an observation about the resolution. The demands of national security and

The National Security Agency

1687 words - 7 pages America’s international supremacy originates from the hard work of her agencies at home which provide a strong foundation for security and international diplomacy. One of these security agencies is the National Security Agency, or NSA. “By 2008, the NSA had become the largest, most costly, and most technologically sophisticated spy organization the world has ever known” (Bamford 1). The National Security Agency is a beneficial government program

The National Security Scam

1457 words - 6 pages September 11th, 2001, arguably the most unforgettable day in modern history of the United States of America. It is a day that acts as a launch pad for the National Security Agency (NSA) and the plea for unlawful surveillance of Americans. The National Security Agency is understood to have the power to “global monitoring, collection, decoding, and analysis -- through clandestine means -- of information for foreign intelligence and

The Psychology of Architecture

1042 words - 4 pages /2007/09/20/what-does-the-brain-have-to-do-with-architecture/>. Jubany, Helena L. "The Social Responsibility of Architects." Desing Intelligence. N.p., 29 June 2011. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. . McKay, Dawn R. "Building a Career in Architecture." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Sept. 2011. . Moore, Gary T. "Architecture and the Human Behavior: The Place or Environment-Behavior Studies in Architecture." . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Sept. 2011. .

The History of Architecture

1400 words - 6 pages theaters and plays were at (Hopper). The Romans are almost unrivaled in their skill and mastery of architecture (Alchin). Roman architecture has had such an impact, that it is most commonly split up into two sections (Alchin). The first era copied the traditions and customs of the countries before them; it was not until later that they began making their legacy (Alchin). Linda Alchin wrote, “The first era was of the Republic where the origins

Similar Essays

The Republic Of Korea, An Environmental Crisis

2212 words - 9 pages until it's defeat in 1945 during World War II. Japan's rule was the beginning of Korea's modern economic infrastructure. They built the first modern factories and brought modern communications and transportation systems to this small country. America assisted South Korea after the signing of the 1953 armistice with economic growth and modernization of heavy industry in order to build security against North Korea's economic strength, which was

The Catalysts And Images Of Terrorism: National Security Threat

3468 words - 14 pages modern terrorism has learned their lessons from the past and has adapted their techniques in order to achieve their political agenda. Dr. Robert Brathwaite, asserts, “The U.S. National Security establishment currently views terrorism as the single biggest challenge the U.S. faces” (pg. 2). Most policy makers debate over the true definition of terrorism, but many agree on a narrow set of reasons why terrorism poses such a threat. First image

Role Of The National Cyberspace For American National Security

3032 words - 12 pages computer networks, went up to 5,488 incidents in 2008 from 3,928 incidents in 2007. This article also reports that Dennis Blair, the Director of National Intelligence, told congress that the recent cyber attacks on government networks came from criminal groups or individuals seeking to disrupt power, communication or financial systems, and from foreign governments in search of intelligence materials. Dennis Blair also stated that the foreign

A Focus On The National Symbol Of The Dominican Republic

1481 words - 6 pages the Dominican national identity. Music is an important vehicle through which cultural identities, and social values are formed and negotiated. Merengue music style has developed alongside social changes, and has played an important role in highlighting the different discourses of what is considered a valid expression in the Dominican culture and identity. Merengue is held as a national symbol for what the Dominican Republic believes in