The Interference Of Zeus Essay

2055 words - 8 pages

The god of mortals and immortals, Zeus, is mentioned on almost every single page in The Iliad. In the ancient society of the Greeks, they practiced polytheism, which means they worshipped more than one god (Speilvogel 364). Zeus was the son of the titan Cronus and he was basically the god of the weather. He had the ability to strike with lightning bolts. The Trojan War was between Greece and Troy. However, it was not only fought by mere mortals, but by immortals too, fighting for their own personal agendas. Every god and goddess interfered in some form in the war, but some did more than others. On the Greek side was Hera, Pallas Athena, Poseidon, Hermes and Hephaestus (20.36-40). On the Trojan side was Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Leto, Xanthus, and Aphrodite (20.41-43). However, some gods like Zeus did not officially take sides, but by their actions, someone could deduce what side they were on. In the Trojan War, Zeus, the most feared of all the gods, impacted the Trojan War definitively more than all the other gods; he did this both directly and indirectly.
The Iliad is an epic poem and is one of the earliest works of ancient Greek literature (Murnaghan 2). According to most scholars, it was written by Homer in ancient Greece (Spievogel 47). The Iliad was considered by the Greeks to be Homer’s major work (Rieu 5). There is some debate as to who Homer really was, or if he was even responsible for The Iliad, but this had no bearing on the fact that The Iliad was important in Greek society (Murnaghan 8). The Iliad was most likely an oral story preserved over time and finally written down at the end of the Dark Ages (Murnaghan 3). It covers only a small portion of the ten year Trojan War. The Trojan War began over Helen, the wife of Greek chieftain, Menelaus, when she was stolen by Prince Paris of Troy (Murnaghan 6). In ancient Greece, people valued honor, and The Iliad exhibited the characteristics of gaining honor through war (Spielvogel 49).
Zeus called the gods to meetings and commissioned other gods to do “dirty work” for him. For instance, he asked his daughter, Athena, to persuade the Trojans to break peace with the Greeks (4.80-82). Zeus needed to get the fighting commenced so that he could fulfill a prior promise to Thetis, Achilles’ mother (Kip 15). Following Zeus’ orders, Athena convinced a fool on the Trojan side to take a shot at Menelaus, son of Atreus. Athena redirected the arrow to not be fatal since Zeus’ objective was not to terminate anyone this time. Because the shot was fired, peace disolved and war raged again. Zeus’ orders led to deaths that could have otherwise been prevented by peace. Again, Zeus sent Athena to save Achilles. Achilles was on the Greek side, but Zeus pitied him since he had just lost Patroclus, his dear friend, and he was grieving and not eating. Zeus asked Athena to give him some ambrosia so he would not weaken with hunger (19.362-370). Zeus was the reason all this was able to happen.
In addition, Zeus...

Find Another Essay On The Interference of Zeus

A Purely Greek Wonder: The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Done in Turabian style with endnotes for a Greek History Class Final Exam.

1245 words - 5 pages famous and most people have heard of it, not that many can actually name all seven because of the seven, only the Pyramids remain virtually undisturbed. The other six are: the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus at Rhodes, the statue of Zeus at Olympia, and the Pharos at Alexandria. Philo of Byzantium compiled the list we commonly use today c. 225 BC in Alexandria, Egypt in his On

The Kind Of Gods Essay

567 words - 2 pages The King of Gods Throughout the Odyssey, Odysseus is aided by many of the gods and goddesses from Mt. Olympus. One of these gods is Zeus, the King of Gods. Without the help of Zeus, Odysseus would have never returned home from the Trojan War. Zeus is normally portrayed as being related with the weather and having the final say in matters. Being the supreme ruler of the gods and many other things, Zeus is worshiped by both gods and mortals.Zeus

Zeus

1450 words - 6 pages Zeus, most likely the most renowned god of all gods, the mighty god of lightning has taken part in some of the most widely known myths of all times. Zeus has taken part in many Greek and Roman myths alike, either as Zeus or as his Roman counterpart of Jupiter. Unlike most gods in mythology though, Zeus is the main character in almost all of the myths he is mentioned in. Whether the myth is about his epic clash against the Titans, his fight

The life and power of Zues, King of the Gods in Greek Mythology.

542 words - 2 pages ZeusZeus was the sixth child of Cronos and Rhea. His mother, in fear of him beingswallowed by his father, like the first five children hid him on the island of Crete. When he wasfully grown he came back and declared war on his father and with the help of Gaia gave him adrug which forced him to throw up his five brothers and sisters. Then he declared war againstthe titans.He fought the titans for nine years.The first marriage of Zeus was to

Myth

616 words - 2 pages Myth There once was a god named Perculus, he was one of the three lost gods that were destroyed by Zeus. He was the god of education; he was responsible for teaching all the citizens of Greece the basic ways of living. Once Zeus got into power he was jealous that someone other than himself was teaching the citizens so he sent him to Hades, along with two other gods for other personal reasons, Diminutive the original god of Truth and

Lessons from Homer's "The Iliad"

899 words - 4 pages caused with the gods and forbids all the Olympians, except himself, from helping anymore at Troy for either side. Zeus then begins to try to orchestrate a victory for Troy but has his plans destroyed by the interference of his clever wife, Hera. Towards the end of the narrative, Zeus "laugh[s] pleasantly to himself when he [sees] god matched against god" (190). Homer ultimately develops a clear thesis out of all this interference by the gods: the

The Role of the Gods in the Odyssey

1236 words - 5 pages a god. The combined interference of Poseidon and Calypso prevented him from continuing his journey home. Just as Odysseus is hindered in his journey home by Poseidon and Calypso attempting to prevent him from leaving Ogygia, he is aided in departing the island by Zeus and Hermes. Homer tells that Zeus determines that Odysseus should be freed, and so Zeus instructs Hermes “go now, and tell the nymph with lovely hair that this is our

Prometheus Bound

709 words - 3 pages Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound conveys the ambiguity of fate through its protagonist, Prometheus, and the abuse of his foresight. Despite being confined and tortured at the top of a mountain, Prometheus adamantly reassures himself that he will be set free. As Prometheus is in pain, he says it will be “smoothed quite away,” this prophesizes Zeus having to forcibly reconcile with Prometheus. This also proves Prometheus unrelenting in his efforts

The Illiad

2111 words - 8 pages a prince of Troy; also son of Priam andHekubaPriam King of Troy; very old manHelen wife of Menelaos; most beautiful woman Inthe worldDiomedes one of the best Achaian warriorsHekuba wife of PriamAeneas son of Aphrodite; TrojanAphrodite Daughter of Zeus; goddess

Zeus The man the Myth the Legend

2015 words - 9 pages not only now pregnant but he gained the wisdom that Mitis had. After Mitis, Zeus would have many wives which produced many offspring. His next wife would be the Titaness Themis who would birth two sets of triplets. The first set was the Orai, or Seasons, and the second set were the Moirai, or the Three Fates. The Three Fates were named Klotho, Lakhesis, and Atropos. Together, the Three Fates would spin the thread of life, decide on its end and cut

The Role of Greek Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Times

1250 words - 5 pages The Role of Greek Gods and Goddesses in Ancient Times With all of the interesting aspects of the Odyssey, I am only going to touch on one of them. The gods and goddesses in the Odyssey of all of the deities mentioned I am only going to focus on a few. The first and most powerful of these is Zeus. Then we have Hermes, the messenger god. Last but not least of these would be Athena, the goddess of warriors. Zeus, Ruler of the gods. "Zeus

Similar Essays

Zeus The Great God Of Mount Olympus.

1369 words - 5 pages Zeus, the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea, he was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods who resided there. Being the supreme ruler he upheld law, justice and morals, and this made him the spiritual leader of both gods and men. Zeus was a celestial god, and originally worshiped as a weather god by the Greek tribes. These people came southward from the Balkans circa 2100 BCE. He has always been associated as being a

The Character Differences Of Hesiod's Zeus And Ovid's Jupiter

1236 words - 5 pages The Character Differences of Hesiod's Zeus and Ovid's Jupiter There is no doubt in mythology that the king of gods, Zeus, is the most supreme and powerful, ruling the sky. He controls the thunderbolt, a symbol of power feared by both gods and mortals. The Greeks and Romans honored Zeus above all other gods. He is without mistake, the god of all gods. Their stories of Zeus are plenty; his designs have molded mythology from his birth. Zeus

The Sculptures Of The East And West Pediments Of The Temple Of Zeus At Olympia

2157 words - 9 pages Use of Movement and Characterisation in the Sculptures of the East and West Pediments of The Temple of Zeus at Olympia The architectural sculpture of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia dates from between 465 and 457BC. Putting the temple into historical context, this was a somewhat flourishing time in Greek history, drama, and philosophy. In 490BC, the Athenians won a great victory at Marathon against the

The Effect Of Meaning Of The Word And Flanker On Amount Of Interference In Colored Naming Task

2490 words - 10 pages The effect of meaning of the word and flanker on amount of interference in colored naming taskAbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine the effect of flanker and meaningfulness of the word on Stroop effect by conduction color naming task. Hundred and ninety four participants were selected randomly by 97 PSY2042 psychology students and their participations were voluntary. The experiment consisted of 7 color naming lists; it started with a