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The International System And A Nuclear World

1086 words - 5 pages

Since the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, the international world has become increasingly concerned with the development and potential use of destructive nuclear weapons. The Cold War-era saw these concerns at their height, as the US and the Soviet Union vied for superiority in the international system. The fall of the Soviet Union in the 1990s seemed to mark an end to the most concerning chapter in the history of nuclear proliferation. However, nuclear weapons have once again come to the forefront of international concern specifically regarding regions like Iran, Pakistan, India, and China. The article “Living with a Nuclear Iran” by Robert D. Kaplan and “America’s Nuclear Meltdown towards “Global Zero”” by Lavina Lee both highlight the growing concern over the development and use of nuclear and ways and argue that direct action must be taken in order to prevent nuclear war from emerging in the future.
In both the aforementioned articles, the authors make plain the idea that nuclear weapons continue to be a concern for many nations. The concern today, the articles agree, differs from that of the Cold War to some extent—it is more commonly feared that revolutionary nations like Iran and Pakistan will develop weapons that could pose a threat to other nations and not so much that the use of nuclear destruction is impending. The authors of these articles seem to agree that “…treaty talks are merely a concessionary phase in the continuing struggle,” (Kaplan 140). This statement highlights the belief that agreements between nations will not be sufficient to prevent the amassment of nuclear weapons; other actions must be taken in order to deter nuclear build-up. The actions to be taken, however, mark contrasting ideas within the articles. In the article “Living with a Nuclear Iran” the author, Robert Kaplan, interviews Harry Kissinger, who states that the best way to contain a nuclear Iran would be to “…take tough measures to prevent a nuclear Iran in the first place,” (Kaplan 140). This course of action involes actively preventing any sort of nuclear build-up to begin with while the article “America’s Nuclear Meltdown towards “Global Zero”” seems to advocate a path of disarmament for all nuclear nations, thereby preventing the need for other nations to amass nuclear weapons. The author of this article writes, “The greatest influence over when India will begin nuclear force reductions remains its assessment of the security threats emanating from its nuclear armed regional competitors,” (Lee 143). Here the belief is that decreasing the arms of existing nuclear nations will decrease the likelihood that other nations will feel threatened into constructing their own nuclear arsenals.
The articles “Living with a Nuclear Iran” and “America’s Meltdown towards “Global Zero”” also concur that humans today are living in an already nuclear world. Robert Kaplan writes, “Eurasia—from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sea of Japan—is today...

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