The Internet, A Worldwide Connection Essay

1840 words - 7 pages

The Internet is a worldwide connection of thousands of computer networks. All of them speak the same language, TCP/IP, the standard protocol. The Internet allows people with access to these networks to share information and knowledge. Resources available on the Internet are chat groups, e-mail, newsgroups, file transfers, and the World Wide Web. The Internet has no centralized authority and it is uncensored. The Internet belongs toeveryone and to no one.The Internet is structured in a hierarchy. At the top, each country has at least onepublic backbone network. Backbone networks are made of high speed lines that connect to other backbones. There are thousands of service providers and networks that connecthome or college users to the backbone networks. Today, there are more thanfifty-thousand networks in more than one-hundred countries worldwide. However, it allstarted with one network.In the early 1960's the Cold War was escalating and the United States Government was faced with a problem. How could the country communicate after a nuclear war? The Pentagon's Advanced Research Projects Agency, ARPA, had a solution. They would create a non-centralized network that linked from city to city, and base to base. The network was designed to function when parts of it were destroyed. The network could not have a center because it would be a primary target for enemies. In 1969, ARPANET was created, named after its original Pentagon sponsor. There were four supercomputer stations, called nodes, on this high speed network.ARPANET grew during the 1970's as more and more supercomputer stations wereadded. The users of ARPANET had changed the high speed network to an electronic postoffice. Scientists and researchers used ARPANET to collaborate on projects and to tradenotes. Eventually, people used ARPANET for leisure activities such as chatting. Soonafter, the mailing list was developed. Mailing lists were discussion groups of people whowould send their messages via e-mail to a group address, and also receive messages. Thiscould be done twenty-four hours a day.As ARPANET became larger, a more sophisticated and standard protocol was needed. The protocol would have to link users from other small networks to ARPANET, the main network. The standard protocol invented in 1977 was called TCP/IP. Because of TCP/IP, connecting to ARPANET by any other network was made possible. In 1983, the military portion of ARPANET broke off and formed MILNET. The same year, TCP/IP was made a standard and it was being used by everyone. It linked all parts of the branching complex networks, which soon came to be called the Internet.In 1985, the National Science Foundation (NSF) began a program to establish Internet access centered on its six powerful supercomputer stations across the United States. They created a backbone called NSFNET to connect college campuses via regional networks to its supercomputer centers. ARPANET officially expired in 1989. Most of the networks were gained by...

Find Another Essay On The Internet, a worldwide connection

Making a Connection in Thos Pynchon's The Crying of Lot 49

1547 words - 6 pages Making a Connection in The Crying of Lot 49        For as long as I could read comprehensively, I have always believed that great writing centered around well written stories that would both provide a certain measure of unaffected pleasure, as well as challenge the readers perception of the world at large; both within and outside of the sphere of its prose. Thomas Pynchons' The Crying of Lot 49 encompasses both of those requirements

A Connection between Don Miguel Ruiz's "The Four Agreements" and Martin Buber's "I and Thou"

1062 words - 4 pages "The Four Agreements", written by Don Miguel Ruiz outlines four steps that one can take in bettering themselves, their lives, and how they interact with the people and the world around them. The steps outlined in this book also ties into the basic model of interpersonal communication, and if followed, the agreements that Ruiz has written about, one can not only help but achieve a deeper understanding of themselves and others. A connection

The Internet and A Global Media Market

1775 words - 7 pages results on its Chinese service’ (Tania Branigan, 2010). China has the most strict internet censorship in the world and it bans the access to a lot of foreign websites. Secondly, for some people in poor countries, because of the limitation of economy and technology, they are unable to access the network and become the ‘exclusion’ of the network society (Castells, 2001, p277). The internet can diffuse global information, but cannot reach to worldwide

The Internet: A Social and Cognitive Crutch

1754 words - 8 pages The internet, and some other technologies have vastly evolved over time. It has made many tasks much quicker and easier to complete. However, there are some negative effects associated with the use of the internet and other technologies that many people, find so glorious. Where we once had to go out to meet new people we can now simply log on to our favorite social networking site, and make copious amounts of online friends. There was also a

The Internet: O What a Change

579 words - 2 pages Sylvester Ali WhiteChapman UniversityThe Internet: O! What a ChangeThe Internet changes everything! Can you imagine what life was like before the invention of the internet? As an avid user of the internet, it seems as if the world cannot function without it. But is the internet a good thing? On one hand, it has made many things more convenient; saving time; while on the other hand, individuals’ ability to interact with others, tend to

The internet as a means of learning

634 words - 3 pages Vineet Baldwa 10C GMIS The internet as a means of learningFor millions of us around the world, the internet is nothing but a plaything. A tool of entertainment. It is a portal from the world of reality into the vortex of cyberspace. However the concept of internet has evolved since it was first created. Then it was nothing but a few hundred computers around the world linked to one network which enabled rapid communication between them. Now it

The Internet a Long Leap in Technology

1570 words - 7 pages From the beginning of time when mankind inhabited the Earth for the first time, humanity has made a long leap in technology. It is because of mankind's continuous search for knowledge and making the world an easier place to live in, that humans have been able to invent and discover new things. Out of this continuous search for knowledge, the Internet was invented by a group of people, which is a key tool in today's society for information and

The Internet as a Safe Haven

1390 words - 6 pages Nowadays, every news story involving the Internet is related to it being used as a medium for harm. The media shows a story about a teen rising above cyberbullying, but not about a teen who finds the courage to reveal his or her sexuality because of a welcoming online community. In an era where so many possibilities are open for Internet use, it is inevitable that people will use it harmfully. Stalkers, sexual predators, and identity

The Internet is Not a Global Phenomenon

1432 words - 6 pages The Internet is Not a Global Phenomenon Since the beginning of time, mankind has been involved in a never-ending quest to learn more about the world in which he lives. Our natural curiosity leads us to question everything and investigate the way in which the world around us works. Human beings also have a natural tendency to want to explore and see things in the world around them which they have never seen before. It is in that sense that

How the Australian Great Barrier Reef Succeeds at Preservation and Sustainable Use and How it Applies to a Worldwide Problem

3377 words - 14 pages How the Australian Great Barrier Reef Succeeds at Preservation and Sustainable Use and How it Applies to a Worldwide Problem Coral bleaching is a somewhat recent phenomenon that has prompted many communities and countries around the world to enact policies and legislation that deal with their dying coral reefs. In early 1998, a mass coral bleaching event took place on the Australian Great Barrier Reef, and broad scale aerial surveys

Censorship on the Internet: A Boon or a Curse?

1482 words - 6 pages Internet censorship is controlling what a user could and could not see. Even though an individual merely searches for something as little as cats, Internet censorship still occurs. It is this unnecessary censorship that is killing young minds today. Internet censorship can be carried out in many ways. A government agency for instance can do it; or the worst of all, a private organization, looking at you AT&T. Even though business firms may think

Similar Essays

The Arab Spring: A Worldwide Revolution

761 words - 4 pages country with a stable government system that the public seems to respect. Governments from different countries such as Syria have shut down Internet and power connections to avoid the world to see the troublesome county. Because of these barricades, countries such as the United States and England have been keeping a close eye, especially since they cannot export and import products between countries. Perhaps the Middle East would’ve been better

The Connection Between A Bug’s Life And The Chosen People

2090 words - 8 pages The Connection between A Bug’s Life and The Chosen People In the essay The Chosen People, Stewart Ewen, discusses his perspective of middle class America. Specifically, he explores the idea that the middle class is suffering from an identity crisis. According to Ewen’s theory, “the notion of personal distinction [in America] is leading to an identity crisis” of the non-upper class. (185) The source of this identity crisis is mass

The Importance Of Building A Connection With Your Customers

3287 words - 13 pages The importance of building a connection with your customers Introduction Undoubtedly, nowadays the customer is the king and this is the result of production overcapacity. It is well known that customers are extremely important to any company because a customer is the one and only individual that can tell you how well you are doing. Not by growth charts and sales figures, but by telling you exactly how it feels to be in the position of a buying

The Internet Is A Blessing Essay

1748 words - 7 pages classes from a college or university that is situated nowhere near their hometown and get an educational experience that is unavailable in their country locally. Students, who travel with a job, can take a class in their house or at work. In addition, it has saved students a lot of money for living accommodations, gas and travelling expenses. Improvements in technology, the rapid growth of users of the Internet worldwide, and the need for people to