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The Invasion Of Normandy Essay

1549 words - 7 pages

June 5, 1944 will be forever etched in the annals of history. Under the command of General Eisenhower, the Allied forces attempted the impossible--an invasion of German-controlled France. In Jean Smith’s book Eisenhower: In War and Peace, the Combined Chiefs of Staff told General Eisenhower, ‘You will enter the continent of Europe, and undertake operations aimed at the heart of Germany and the destruction of her armed forces” (318). General Eisenhower and the Allied forces assembled “The greatest seaborne invasion force in history” (Culpepper 40). Troops received inspirational words from General Eisenhower before the invasion. He said, “You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you” (“D-Day”). The Invasion of Normandy was the turning point of World War II.
All the forces of the Allied military assembled together to execute an unprecedented assault on the beaches of Normandy. The Allies made full use of deception. The Allies needed to force the Germans to expand their line of defense. If the Allies attacked a position where the Germans waited with a mass of troops, the Allies would be crushed. Spreading out the German lines was the main goal of the Allies. To achieve this, the Allies needed the Germans to believe that the attack would occur in a location different than the actual place of attack (Michie 121). The chess game had begun. The target for the Allies was Normandy, the southern part of France, on the English Channel. However, the Allies convinced the Germans that the target was Pas de Calais. In the German minds, Pas de Calais was the obvious choice because of its short distance across the English Channel from Britain (“D-Day”). The deception was genius. Purposefully, the Allies sent incorrect messages over the radio with the intent that the Germans would intercept them. Double agents infiltrated the Germans and reiterated the false information (“D-Day”). Also, the allies created a large, fake army and military base. This army consisted of tanks and troop carriers that were made with wood or plastic causing them to appear real from the sky (Kemp 32). The military base and army were rumored to be under the command of General George Patton. The deception used by the Allied forces was mastery. All the while, a real juggernaut of a force was massing in southwestern Britain preparing to steamroll Normandy. During the real invasion, the Allies had done such an excellent job in deceiving the Germans that Hitler was reluctant to allow armored divisions and troop divisions to help those being attacked in Normandy. He had everything hugging the north of the Seine River (“D-Day”).
The Allies implemented every division within their military for the invasion of Normandy. The Allies utilized the Navy, Air Force, Marines, and Army. An amphibious attack was a new concept at the time. The Allies did not have ships that were designed to transport troops from ships to...

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