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The Invention Of The Automobile Essay

2169 words - 9 pages

I have chosen this topic because I absolutely love cars and am astonished by them. It may seem out of place for me to say this because I am a girl but I always wondered who came up with the idea of building the 1st automobile and how its changed during the time of history? What kind of people used what kind of cars? And how important it is and was during the time it was 1st introduced to the world? I know that now almost anyone who is physically capable of driving wants to and does drives. To some it's a trill to drive, especially teenagers, and to others who have been driving most their lives are sick and tired of it.I don't know a single person that knows who actually invented the automobile. First of all that question cannot be answered with only one simple answer because more then one person invented the automobile. I'm sure you're interested in finding out too so buckle your seat belt because here we go.....The automobile as we know it was not invented in a single day by a single inventor. The history of the automobile took place worldwide, from 1769-1950's (approximate) It is estimated that over 100,000 patents created the modern automobile. However, there are many "starters" that started the process. The first theoretical plans for a motor vehicle have been drawn up by both Leonardo da Vinci and Isaac Newton. In 1769-1770, the very first self-propelled road vehicle was a military tractor invented by French engineer and mechanic, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725 - 1804). Cugnot used a steam engine to power his vehicle, built under his instructions at the Paris Arsenal by mechanic Brezin. It was used by the French Army to haul artillery at the speed of 2 1/2 mph on only three wheels. The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The steam engine and boiler were separate from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front. In1770, Cugnot built a steam-powered tricycle that carried four passengers. In 1771, Cugnot drove one of his road vehicles into a stone wall, making Cugnot the first person to get into a motor vehicle accident. This was the beginning of bad luck for the inventor. After one of Cugnot's patrons died and the other was exiled, the money for Cugnot's road vehicle experiments ended. Steam engines powered cars by burning fuel that heated water in a boiler, creating steam that expanded and pushed pistons that turned the crankshaft, which then turned the wheels. During the early history of self-propelled vehicles - both road and railroad vehicles were being developed with steam engines. Cugnot also designed two steam locomotives with engines that never worked well. Steam engines added so much weight to a vehicle that they proved a poor design for road vehicles but, steam engines were very successfully used in locomotives. "Historians, who accept that early steam-powered road vehicles were automobiles, feel that Nicolas Cugnot was the inventor of the first automobile."Later Cugnot's vehicle was improved by...

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