This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Invention Of Chinampa Agriculture Essay

1436 words - 6 pages

“And when we saw all those cities and villages built in the water and other great towns on dry land, and that straight and level causeway leading to Tenochtitlan, we were amazed…Indeed, some of our soldiers asked if it was not all a dream,” a Spanish chronicler, Bernal Diaz del Castillo (Woodard), describes the beautiful capital of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlan, in awe of the city’s intricate landscape upon their Spanish arrival. The Aztecs were located in the Basin of Mexico, which is a part of Mesoamerica (Popper). Mesoamerica refers to the region known as Central America that includes the modern nations of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and El Salvador. Several innovative developments took place in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, such as chocolate, their divinatory calendar, their writing systems, and a Mayan ballgame called Ollama. However, the invention in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica that holds the most significance is the development of chinampa agriculture. The Aztecs utilized many farming techniques to feed their ever growing population, but since Tenochtitlan was built on swampy land, chinampas were the main food production (Jaime Cóttrill C.).
Although the Aztecs adapted and popularized the chinampa agriculture, the Xochimilca were the first to develop this raised-bed agriculture. The Aztecs came to use the chinampas after expanding their empire into the Basin of Mexico and conquering the people native to the region, the Xochimilca. The Xochimilca people had settled on a small peninsula jutting out into Lake Xochimilco; hence their name. From this lake is where The Xochimilca obtained all their materials to build all their structures. As their population grew, the Xochimilca people were in need of a new food source, so they began to create artificial islands in the lake basin wetlands. Eventually a network of thousands of interconnected raised-beds and water canals were constructed (Woodard), where they grew maize, chile, beans, and squash (Popper). Production is year round, with up to three rich harvests a year. Because of their big population within the Valley of Mexico of 1.5 million, 1200 km² of Chinampa raised-bed and canals network was required to provide the majority of food consumed by the population (Woodard). Although, the the basin of Mexico did present obstacles for sustaining agriculture such as variable rainfall, frost, and little soil fertility. However, the development of the chinampas solved these problems. To make up for the minimal rain, the right moisture for crops was maintained by the proximity of the top of the field to the water level, plus the canals provided irrigation water. The water canals also reduced the chance of frosts by improving the nighttime temperature. To solve the problem of soil fertility, seedbeds had been specially prepared by the chinampa farmers for the seeds to be planted in, then the seedlings would be transplanted to the chinampa fields (Popper).
The term Chinampa comes from the Náhuatl...

Find Another Essay On The Invention of Chinampa Agriculture

The Invention of the Steamboat Essay

1209 words - 5 pages Imagine an invention that could take people to where they wanted to go, created larger trade markets, and created very successful businesses. Robert Fulton was the inventor of the steamboat in America. He knew there was another way of travel and trade, a more efficient and quicker way. Robert Fulton first started out as a young artist, but he realized that was not what he was meant to do. Canals really interested Fulton since a young age. His

The Invention of the Elevator Essay

1222 words - 5 pages Throughout the history, buildings and apartments are all constructed in low-rise applications, causing huge amounts of land being consumed in such a small area. The reason why these structures are built in such a low level is because there was nothing to rise people up to higher levels. The invention of the elevator has had a great contribution towards the solution of this problem, which not only allows people to have the ability to get to

The Invention of the Hourglass

1614 words - 6 pages was a more advanced warship than earlier warships (Muillenburg). There were also many new maps and measuring tools, such as the magnetic compass and astrolabe, which determines measurements by the position of the sun and stars (Janus). Another large advancement was cartography, the invention of maps. The majority of locations had been found by the seventeenth century, the end of the Age of Exploration, thanks to the variety of new inventions

The Invention of the Automobile

1855 words - 8 pages Since the development of the steam engine people had been interested in creating self-powered vehicles, this manifested during the industrial revolution as the train. However, as time went on people became interested in creating a vehicle that wasn’t confined to tracks. The earliest attempts were moderately successful but served little practical purpose. Automobiles first began to truly spread with the invention of the electric motor which

The Mark of Agriculture

1219 words - 5 pages there is significant detriment to the survival of the human race. The Neolithic, the first of the revolutions, which is marked by the advent of agriculture, may in fact be the pivotal point of the human health decline. Before agriculture, human populations relied heavily on the foods that they found, scavenged or hunted in their area of occupation. (Higman 2011) This form of subsistence generally led to a nutritionally balanced diet. Their

The Invention of the Automobile

2169 words - 9 pages cars that some people like to drive, then there are the very expensive cars that a lot of people dream of but can never afford, such as Bentley, Rolls Royce. And last but not least my favorite cars the fast, sexy, luxurious sports cars such as Ferrari and Lamborghini. I don't know any other way to end this enjoyable peace of paper but to say that I love cars and Thank God for the people that are responsible for the invention of the automobile, so drive safe and have a good life with your car. The end.Bibliography1)The World Book Volume 12)Internet- google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, askjeeves.com.3)Microsoft Encarta 96 and 974)Encyclopedia 1993-1995

The Invention of Flying Cars

1188 words - 5 pages There are many inventions of the future that people either know or hope will happen and some inventions that people have never thought that would happen in this or the next lifetime. For instance, one piece of future technology that I believe may come to pass is the invention of flying cars. Since the time of being young and watching the Jetsons, many people have been waiting to see the first flying car. While bringing up the idea of a flying

Stoppard’s "The Invention of Love"

2729 words - 11 pages How familiar must the audience of Stoppard’s The Invention of Love be with classical literature and with classics as a field of study? How does this affect the play’s potential audience, and why did Stoppard choose to do this? The potential audience of the Invention of Love is limited in the first instance by the fact that it is a play for the stage. By proxy, the audience will be likely to have some knowledge of classical literature, as they

The Invention of the Telescope: Galileo Galilei

671 words - 3 pages fame. News about an invention of a telescope reaches Italy; Galileo decided to develop his own. Using his telescope, he discovers uneven surfaces on the moon. Later on he discovers the four moons orbiting Jupiter. Also he discovered the rings around Saturn, and sunspots on the sun. Galileo also discovered that the planets Mercury and Venus go through phases just like the moon, and the only way they could do that is if they circled the sun

The Invention and Development of the Battery

1081 words - 5 pages The invention and development of the battery would have to be one of the most significant in human history. Without batteries, the world would be a very different place. Everything would be plugged in and nothing would be mobile. There are many types of batteries that work in many different ways, but they all have the same common goal of making lives easier. Some examples of these batteries are lithium-ion, lead-acid, and nickel-cadmium. Lithium

Pythagoras' Invention of the Pythagorean Theorem

1398 words - 6 pages Theorem, such as it can also be written as c^2-a^2=b^2 which is for reverse operations like finding side b with the data of a and c. Meanwhile, the proofs of the theorem can make us understand more about the invention of the theorem and how Pythagoras figured it out. And with the invention of this theorem, we shall look into where this theorem was used in these days and how important it is. Pythagoras was a Greek mathematician born nearly two

Similar Essays

The Invention Of Chinampa Agriculture Essay

1222 words - 5 pages into the most economically productive region within the basin of Mexico. The chinampa and water canal system was crucial to the survival of the expanding population of the Aztecs. The development of the chinampas is the most important invention of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, because the chinampas were the Aztecs primary food production. Without the chinampa agriculture, the Aztecs would not have been able to expand and prosper as they did.

The Invention Of Football Essay

877 words - 4 pages from 1876 to 1882 and was head advisory football coach from 1888 to 1912. Camp helped evolve the rules of the game away from rugby and soccer into the rules of American Football as they are known today. An influence to Walter Camp’s invention was William Ellis who was the first person noted for picking up the ball during a soccer game and running with it. From that point, Camp began to assess the rules of football. Football is an fairly

The Invention Of Solitude Essay

890 words - 4 pages The Invention of Solitude is divided into two parts, the first part, Portrait of an Invisible Man, and the second, The Book of Memory. In the Portrait of an Invisible Man, Paul Auster, who is also the author of the book, lived with his son Daniel and wife at home. Paul Auster began to think how his father, Samuel Auster, is getting very old, and suspects he might pass away soon. One day Paul received a phone call that his father had passed away

The Invention Of Twitter Essay

1162 words - 5 pages their followers, giving fans first-time access and allowing them to feel more connected. This also closes or thins the gap between famous stars and the regular public. I believe the invention of Twitter left a positive lasting effect on the family. The fast source of information and reliable communication makes it much easier for the entire family to access their own individual activities or needs. It reduces the amount of time and energy from