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The Inventions During The Industrial Revolution

1111 words - 4 pages

The Theme of our Almanac is Science and Technology so my Historical Analysis will be based off of the Science and Technology of the Industrial Revolution. My historical analysis will be about the inventions during the Industrial Revolution. The three I will be focusing on: The Water Frame, The Improved Steam Engine and the Sewing Machine. All three of those inventions all offer some sort of Problem, Progress and Promise to the Industrial Revolution. I will be analyzing those three things.

One of the first inventions during the Industrial Revolution is the Water Frame. It was invented by Richard Arkwright in 1769. The purpose of the water frame was a new source of energy. The water frame was to spin cotton much more efficiently. They used to do it by spinning wheel. The spinning wheel was powered by the foot and was very time consuming. The way it worked was the water would turn the water wheel and then it would power the water frame. The water frame could do the work of around 10 people before it was invented. This lead to the problem of the water frame. If there were more water frames then there were fewer people being able to work and earn money. The people were now used to relying on the machines to do that work. We don’t know how to create our own yarn using anything but a machine now these days. The progress of the water frame was the way that it efficiently got the job done. It is quick and it saved a lot of time. They invented it so that it could do the work of more people. The promise of the water frame is there would be more materials for the people quicker. They won’t have to wait longer to get their yarn. It seems that the water frame brought more progress and promise to the industrial revolution. The problems were soon to be fixed when the popularity of using the water frame increased.

The early steam engine was created by Thomas Newcomen in 1712. It was designed to improved the efficiency of water pumps in the mines. The way he invented it was this: water is made to vaporize in a boiler. The pressure of the steam force the piston in the cylinder to go in an upwards direction. The steam supply is cut off, then the cold water is sprayed into the cylinder and then the piston moves back down. James Watt the improver of the Early Steam Engine was born in Greenock on the 18th of January 1736. In 1775 he vastly improved the original concept of the steam engine. Watt and his partner Matthew Boulton set up a factory. The steam engine works like so: the heat was converted into mechanical energy. The way that Watt created the changes to the steam engine is adding two cylinders. The piston is at the bottom for the cylinder. The steam creates pressure which forces the piston upwards. The stream is then cut off just like it was before when Newcomen invented it. Then a pipe that leads to the second cylinder which is the condenser, is then opened and cools down the stream. Then it creates the negative pressure which forces the piston...

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