The Iran Contra Scandal Essay

3645 words - 15 pages

Introduction
The Iran-Contra Scandal occurred on the (insert specific dates) in the midst of the cold war. Oliver North, a member of the National Security Council of the United States, was accused of diverting money from weapon sales in Iran to support the Contras in Central America. Provide context of central America, how this was exposed, what happened to north, specific trial stuff, talk about the cold war/tensions… state thesis at end of sentence, state arguments, conclude.

Main Argument 1
The intent of the Boland Amendment was to prohibit the use of United States funds to support the Contra-revolutionaries in Nicaragua. The precise wording of the Boland Amendment is:
During the fiscal year 1985, no funds available to the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, or any other agency or entity of the United States involved in intelligence activities may be obligated or expended for the purpose or which would have the effect of supporting, directly or indirectly, military or paramilitary operations in Nicaragua by any nation, group, organization, movement or individual.
This wording is ambiguous and does not explicitly state that the National Security Council (NSC) cannot fund the Contras. The Amendment also does not define or identify all agencies involved in intelligence activities and does not identify the National Security Council as an intelligence agency. Therefore, the amendment applies only to agencies of the United States involved in intelligence activities. Thus, the main purpose of the Boland Amendment was to prevent direct CIA interference with the situation in Nicaragua and not the interference of the NSC. Because Oliver North was a member of the NSC, the Boland Amendment never applied to him, and it was unjust to indict him on counts based upon it. In this paragraph, define role of NSC
Furthermore, the White House Administration at the time contends the contract with the Contras is legal under the amendment. Elaborate on why  goals, legality, prior contract, etc. (contracts are valid could north’s actions be seen as contract with the contras?)
Based on these facts, it is impossible to indict Oliver North under the Boland Amendment. According to the amendment, contracts with the Contras are legal. The amendment also does not apply to North because he works for the National Security Council and not for the CIA or any other intelligence agency. Therefore, the Boland Amendment does not apply to the NSC or to Oliver North, an employee of the NSC.

Main Argument 2:
The Iran-Contra scandal occurred in the midst of the Cold War during a time of high-tension between Communist Soviet Russia, Cuba, and Nicaragua. The United States felt threatened by communist nations and considered it necessary to inhibit the further spread of communism. The United States felt that “...the Soviets and the Cubans are turning Nicaragua into an armed camp with military forces far beyond defensive needs and in a position to...

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